Damien Hirst

데미안 허스트 (b.1965)
Information

  Damien Hirst is a British Conceptual artist known for his controversial take on beauty and found-art objects. Along with Liam Gillick, Tracey Emin, and Sarah Lucas, Hirst was part of the Young British Artists movement that rose to prominence in the early 1990s. “I have always been aware that you have to get people listening before you can change their minds,” he reflected. “Any artist's big fear is being ignored, so if you get debate, that's great.” Born on June 7, 1965 in Bristol, United Kingdom, Hirst was raised in Leeds. As a student at Goldsmiths College in London, his work caught the eye of the collector and gallerist Charles Saatchi, who became an early patron. Hirst’s The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living (1991)—a large vitrine containing an Australian tiger shark suspended in formaldehyde—was financed by Saatchi and helped to launch the artist’s career. Hirst went on to win the coveted Turner Prize in 1995. In 2012, he showed what went on to be one of his most controversial work in decades, the installation In and Out of Love, which consisted of two white windowless rooms in which over 9,000 butterflies flitted around and died. The artist lives and works in London, United Kingdom. His works are held in the collections of the Tate Gallery in London, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., and the Rubell Family Collection in Miami.

  데미안 허스트는 영국의 구상 화가로 아름다움과 파운드아트에 대해 논란의 여지가 많은 주장을 펼치기로 유명한 인물이다. 리암 길릭, 트레이시 에민, 세라 루카스 등과 함께, 허스트는 Young British Artists 라는 1990년대 초 큰 영향력을 떨친 무브먼트의 일원이기도 하다. “저는 늘 사람들의 마음을 바꾸기 전에 먼저 그들이 당신의 말에 귀 기울이게 해야한다는 것을 알고 있었어요. 어떤 작가든 무시당하는 것을 두려워하기 마련이죠. 만약 당신이 논란의 중심에 선다면 그것은 사실은 좋은 일이에요,” 그는 말한다. 1965년 6월 7일에 영국 브리스톨에서 태어난 허스트는 곧 리즈로 이사를 가 그곳에서 자란다. 런던의 골드스미스 대학의 학생으로서, 그는 수집가이자 화랑의 주인이었던 찰스 삿치 (Charles Saatchi)의 눈에 띄어서 일찍부터 후원을 받게 된다. 허스트의 “The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living (1991)” (살아있는 자의 정신 속에서의 죽음의 육체적 불가능성) 은 호주 타이거상어가 포름알데히드 안에 담겨져 진열창에 들어가 있는 구조로, 삿치가 재정적인 해결을 해주고 그걸 통해 허스트의 예술적 커리어까지 시작하게 도와준 작품이다. 허스트는 1995년 터너상을 수상하기도 했다. 2012년에 그는 그의 작품들 중 가장 논란이 붉어졌던 “In and Out of Love” (사랑의 안과 밖) 이라는 설치물을 만들었는데, 이는 창문이 없는 두 개의 방에 9000마리가 넘는 나비들이 날아다니고 죽어있는 형태를 띄고 있었다. 작가는 런던에서 거주하며 작업을 하고, 그의 작품은 런던의 테이트, 워싱턴 DC의 Hirshhorn 박물관 겸 조각 정원, 그리고 마이애미의 루벨 家 콜렉션에 소장되어 있다.

Profile

Timeline

1965

Born in Bristol, England

1985

Took a foundation course at Leeds School of Art, Leeds, England

1988

Curated the student exhibition, Freeze, in a warehouse at Surrey Docks in East London, England

1986–1989

BA, Fine Art, Goldsmith College, London, England

1994

DAAD Fellowship, Berlin, Germany

1995

Awarded with the Turner Prize, Tate Britain, London, England

Lives and works in London, England

 

Exhibitions

2013

All You Need IS LOVE, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Modern Print Masters Stock, The Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire, Scotland
Große Gefühle, Kunsthalle Krems, Krems, Germany
Don't Be Shy, Don't Hold Back, The Logan Collection At Sfmoma, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Sous influences: arts plastiques et psychotropes, La Maison Rouge, Paris, France
Damien Hirst: Entomology Cabinets and Paintings, Scalpel Blade - Paintings and Colour Charts, White Cube, Hong Kong
Group Show, Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong
To Be With Art Is All We Ask, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Norway
13 Rooms, Kaldor Public Art Projects, Sydney, Australia

2012

Tate Modern, London, England (solo)
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England
Paul Stolper Gallery, London, England (solo)
Benaki Museum, Athens, Greece
PinchukArtCentre, Kiev, Ukraine
Gagosian Gallery, 11 locations worldwide (solo)
White Cube, Bermondsey, London, England

2011

Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy
Bienal pavilion, São Paulo, Brazil
Arken Museum of Modern Art, Ishøj, Denmark
Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, England
Aurel Scheibler, Cologne, Germany
Songeun Artspace, Seoul, Korea
Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan
Leeds City Gallery, Leeds, England
Royal West of England Academy, Bristol, England
Prada Foundation, Venice, Italy
Gagosian, Rome, Italy
Tate Britain, London, England (solo)
Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain
Royal Academy of Arts, London, England
Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong

2010

Visual/Conceptual, National Center For Contemporary Art—Moscow Branch, Moscow, Russia
FYI – The Reflected Gaze Self Portraiture Today, Torrance Art Museum, Torrance, USA
Theology, Philosophy, Medicine, Justice, Galerie Andrea Caratsch, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)

2009

Life, Death and Love, Galerie Rudolfinum, Prague, Czech Republic (solo)
Requiem, PinchukArtCentre, Kiev, Ukraine (solo)

2008

You Dig The Tunnel, I’ll Hide The Soil, White Cube, London, England (solo)
Beautiful Inside My Head Forever, Sotheby’s Auction, London, England
For the Love of God, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

2007

Damien Hirst, The Goss-Michael Foundation, Dallas, USA (solo)
Damien Hirst, Galería Hilario Galguera and Museo Nacional de San Carlos, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
New Religion, Palazzo Pesaro Papafava, Venice, Italy (solo)
Beyond Belief, White Cube, London, England (solo)
Stations of the Cross, Essl Museum of Contemporary Art, Vienna, Austria (solo)
New Religion, Paul Stolper Gallery, Wallspace, London, England (solo)
Superstition, Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles, USA; London, England (solo)
Damien Hirst, Portland Art Museum, Portland, USA (solo)

2006

Aftershock: Contemporary British Art 1990–2006, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China
How To Improve The World, Hayward Gallery, London, England
Surprise Surprise, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, England
Into Me/Out of Me, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, USA
Picture This, The Bargehouse, London, England
Corpus: Drawings 1981–2006, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
A Thousand Years & Triptychs, Gagosian Gallery, London, England (solo)
The Death of God: Towards a Better Understanding of a Life Without God Aboard the Ship of Fools, Galería Hilario Galguera, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Sculpture, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, USA
Motion On Paper, Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, England

2005

A Selection of Works by Damien Hirst from Various Collections, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Boston, USA (solo)
New Religion, Paul Stolper, London, England (solo)
Damien Hirst. Works on Paper, Robert Sandelson, London, England (solo)
Damien Hirst, Astrup Fearnley Museet fur Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Norway (solo)
Damien Hirst, Static Gallery, Liverpool, England (solo)
The Elusive Truth, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Damien Hirst: In A Spin, Gascoigne Gallery, Harrogate, England (solo)
Damien Hirst: Works on Paper, Andipa Gallery, London, England (solo)
Bock mit Inhalt, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Imageless Icons: Abstract Thoughts, Gagosian Gallery, London, England
Major Prints, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, USA
Extreme Abstraction, Albright Knox Gallery, Buffalo, USA

2004

Damien Hirst, Galerie Andreas Binder, Munich, Germany (solo)
The Agony and The Ecstasy: Selected Works from 1989–2004, Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy (solo)
Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, England
Intra-muros, Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporain, Nice, France
Paper Democracy, Contemporary Art in Editions on Paper, Edifício Cultura Inglesa, São Paulo, Brazil
What’s Modern?, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA
Turning Points: 20th Century British Sculpture, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
Singular Forms (Sometimes Repeated), Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida, Tate Britain, London, England
Drawings, Gagosian Gallery, London, England

2003

Romance In the Age of Uncertainty, White Cube, London, England (solo)
From the Cradle to the Grave: Selected Drawings, The 25th International Biennale of Graphic Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia (solo)
The Marble Palace, Russian State Museum, St Petersburg, Russia (solo)
Damien Hirst, Saatchi Gallery, London, England (solo)
Damien Hirst In A Spin: The Action of the World on Things, Galerie Aurel Scheibler, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Damien Hirst, La Caja Negra, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Same Time This Year, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA
Dreams and Conflicts: The Dictatorship of the Viewer, 50th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

2002

Damien Hirst’s art education, The Reliance, Leeds, England (solo)
Last Spring in Paris, Jablonka Galerie, Cologne, Germany
La Part de l’Autre, Musée d’art Contemporain, Nimes, France
Limits of Perception, Joan Miró Foundation, Barcelona, Spain
To Eat or Not to Eat, Centro de Arte de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
Painting Matter, James Cohen Gallery, New York, USA
The Physical World, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA
The Rowan Collection: Contemporary British & Irish Art, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Self-Medicated, Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, USA

2001

Artist’s London: Holbein to Hirst, Museum of London, London, England
Art –Tube 01, Café De Paris, London, England
Printers Inc., The Gallery, Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Art Music, Rock Pop Techno, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
Double Vision, Galerie für Zeitgenössische Kunst, Leipzig, Germany
Freestyle: Werke Aus der Sammlung Boros, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
Beautiful Productions: Art to play, art to wear, art to own, Whitechapel, London, England
Camera Works: The Photographic Impulse in Contemporary Art, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, USA
Selections from the Vicki and Kent Logan Collection, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, USA
Field Day, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Public Offerings, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
Breaking the Mould: 20th Century British Sculpture from Tate, Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery, Norwich, England
Century City, Tate Modern, London, England

2000

Pharmacy, Tate Gallery, London, England (solo)
Focus on Damien Hirst, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, Norway (solo)
Theories, Models, Methods, Approaches, Assumptions, Results and Findings, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Damien Hirst, Sadler’s Wells, London, England (solo)
Hyper Mental, Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland; Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
Lets Entertain, Walker Arts Center, Minneapolis, USA; Portland Art Museum, Portland, USA; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico; Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA
Balls, James Cohan Gallery, New York, USA
Peter Blake About Collage, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, England
After Life, 11 Duke Street, London, England
The History of the Turner Prize, 1984–1999 and People’s Show 2: Pictures selected by the public, Victoria Art Gallery, Bath, England
Video Vibe: Art, Music and Video in the UK, The British School at Rome, Rome, Italy
Minding, Le Garage, Geneva, Switzerland
Zeitgenossen/Contemporarians: Malerei/Paintings, Galerie Editions Kunsthandel GmbH, Essen, Germany
On the Edge of the Western World, Yerba Buena Center of the Arts, San Francisco, USA
Out There, White Cube, Hoxton, London, England
Ant Noises, Saatchi Gallery, London, England
Art in Sacred Spaces, St. Stephen’s Church, London, England
Psycho, Anne Faggionato, London, England
Blue: borrowed and new, The New At Gallery, Walsall, England
Sincerely yours: British art from the 90s, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, Norway

1998

Damien Hirst, Southampton City Art Gallery, Southampton, England
Wall Projects: Damien Hirst, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA (solo)
Potrait of Our Times: An Introduction to the Logan Collection, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
UK Maximum Diversity, Galerie Krinzinger, Bregenz, Austria
Fun de Siècle, Walsall Museum and Art Gallery, Walsall, Germany
Pandaemonium, The London Festival of Moving Image, LEA, London, England
Fifty Years of British Sculpture: Works from the Arts Council Collection, Lothbury Gallery, London, England
Damien Hirst, Jeff Koons, Charles Ray, 11 Duke Street, London, England
The Colony Room 50th Anniversary Art Exhibition, A22 Projects, London, England
Inner Eye, Contemporary Art from the Marc and Livia Straus Collection, Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
Modern British Art, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, England
Noir, Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy
Wild/Life, -or-, The Impossibility of Mistaking Nature for Culture, Weatherspoon Art Gallery, Greensboro, USA

1997

Damien Hirst, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, Norway (solo)
Damien Hirst, Helsinki City Art Museum. Helsinki, Finland (solo)
The Beautiful Afterlife, Bruno Bischofberger, Zurich, Germany (solo)
Sensation, Royal Academy of Arts, London, England; Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Germany; Brooklyn Museum, New York, USA
Picture Britanica: Art from Britain, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
Turning Up #4, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany
Sunny Days / Critical Times: An Exhibition of Works from the Bohen Foundation’s Collection, The Bohen Foundation, New York, USA
Veronica’s Revenge: Oeuvres photographiques de la Lambert Art Collection, Centre d’Art Contemporain, Geneva, Szitzerland
Material Culture, Hayward Gallery, London, England

1996

No Sense of Absolute Corruption, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Life/Live, Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France; Centro de Exposições do Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
Other Men’s Flowers, Galerie Aurel Scheibler, Cologne, Germany
Do It, Raum Aktueller Kunst, Vienna, Austria
Twentieth Century British Sculpture, Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
A Small Shifting Sphere of Serious Culture, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, England
Spellbound, Hayward Gallery, London, England
Works on Paper, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Happy End, Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany

1995

Pharmacy, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo)
Still, Jay Jopling/White Cube, London, England (solo)
Sings and Wonders, Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland
Minky Manky, South London Gallery, London, England; Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, England
A Bonnie Situation: Truth and Fiction, Contemporary Fine Arts, Berlin, Germany
Laboratories, Galerie Art et Essai, University of Rennes, Rennes, France
The Reflected Image, Museo Pecci, Prato, Italy
Turner Prize Exhibition, Tate Gallery, London, England
Brilliant! Art from London, Walker Art Centre, Minneapolis, USA; Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, USA

1994

Pharmacy, Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, USA (solo)
Making Beautiful Drawings, Bruno Brunnet Fine Arts, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Currents 23, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, USA (solo)
A Bad Environment for White Monchrome Paintings, Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh, USA; DAAD Gallery, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Cocido Y Crudo, Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Nature Morte, Tanya Bonakdar Gallery, New York, USA
Some Went Mad, Some Ran Away, Serpentine Gallery, London, England; Nordic Arts Centre, Helsinki, Finland; Kunstverein, Hannover, Germany; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA; Portalen, Copenhagen, Danemark

1993

Damien Hirst, Galerie Jablonka, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Visual Candy, Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
Here and Now: Twenty Three Years of the Serpentine Gallery, Serpentine Gallery, London, England
The 21st Century, Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland
The Nightshade Family, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany
Aperto: Venice Biennial, Aperto Section, Venice, Italy
Displace, Cohen Gallery, New York, USA
A Wonderful Life, Lisson Gallery, London, England
Visual Candy, Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA (solo)

1992

Where’s God Now, Jay & Donatella Chiat, New York, USA (solo)
Marianne, Hildegard, Unfair/Jay Jopling, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Damien Hirst: Third International Istanbul Biennial, British Council, Istanbul, Turkey (solo)
Pharmacy, Cohen Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Young British Artists, Saatchi Collection, London, England
Portfolio, Karsten Schubert Ltd., London, England
Posthuman, Fondation Asher Edelman, Lausanne, Switzerland; Museo D’Arte Contemporanea, Torino, Italy
Group Exhibition, Luis Campaña Gallery, Frankfurt, Germany
Strange Developments, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London, England
British Art, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Turner Prize Exhibition, Tate Gallery, London, England

1991

When Logics Die, Emmanuel Perrotin, Paris, France (solo)
Internal Affairs, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, England (solo)
In & Out of Love, Woodstock Street, London, England (solo)
Damien Hirst, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, England (solo)
Louder Than Words, The Cornerhouse, Manchester, England
Broken English, Serpentine Gallery, London, England

1990

Modern Medicine, Building One, London, England
Gambler, Building One, London, England

1989

New Contemporaries, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, England

1988

Freeze, Surrey Docks, London, England