Candida Höfer

캔디다 회퍼 (b.1944)
Information

  Candida Höfer (b. 1944), who currently lives and works in Cologne, was born in Eberswalde, Northeast Germany. She studied at the Kölner Werkschule and later attended the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf from 1973 to 1982, where she studied film for three years. She then switched her focus to the study of photography under Bernd Becher beginning in 1976. Höfer was among the first generation of the Becher circle, along with a number of influential contemporary photographers, such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth and Thomas Ruff. Her highly individual typology relies on meticulous composition, not on mere aesthetics of architecture, and is obtained through her capturing of contained interior spaces with varied states of preservation. Her continued investigation of ‘human absence’ and ‘space’ is manifested through a series of photographs. The exhibition provides a valuable opportunity for the presentation of the artist’s approach to capturing aspects of many different locales that embody and represent contemporary culture. Höfer has taken on copious subjects, photographing shared public spaces such as book stores, cafeterias, museums, offices, zoos, and libraries. The visual clarity that is based on composition is equally applied to the works’ captions, concisely indicating the subject space or building, location, and the date when photographed. It is formal and compositional, and not technical concerns that drive her practice. Höfer studiously chooses her subjects and depicts the objects and built environments in interior spaces not as mere physical constructs, but as representations of the accumulation of time and the modern man-made manifestations inside architecture and its interior spaces. 


  Höfer held her first solo exhibition at the Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf, in 1975. Since then, she has exhibited her works in major museums internationally, including a solo exhibition at Musée du Louvre, her first solo exhibition in North America, Architecture of Absence at Norton Museum of Art, the Kunsthalle Basel, the Power Plant in Toronto, and most recently solo exhibitions at the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Carnegie Museum of Art. Also, she was included in Documenta 11 (2002), organized by Okwui Enwezor, and was commissioned by the Musée des Beaux-Arts, where she photographed 12 casts of Rodin’s The Burghers of Calais in museums and private collections. In 2003, she represented the German pavilion at Venice Biennale (2003), together with Martin Kippenberger. From 2004 to 2007, she traveled to different parts of the world to photograph conceptual artist On Kawara's Date Paintings, included in private collections. 


  Candida Höfer’s work is represented in permanent museum collections worldwide, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; the Getty Museum, Los Angeles; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Harvard University Art Museum, Cambridge; the Andalusian Contemporary Art Center, Seville, Spain; the Paris National Library; the Centre George Pompidou, Paris; the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin; the Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin; the Kunsthalle Nűrnberg; and the Tate Modern, London.


  현재 쾰른에 거주 및 활동하고 있는 작가는 1944년 독일 북동부 에버스발데에서 태어나 쾰른 미술대학을 거쳐 뒤셀도르프 쿤스트아카데미에서 수학하였다. 1973년 뒤셀도르프 쿤스트아카데미에 입학하여 3년간 영화학도로서 수학하고 이후 베른트 베허가 교수로 임명된 1976년부터 본격적으로 사진을 전공하여 현대사진의 주요 작가인 안드레아스 구르스키, 토마스 스트루스, 토마스 루프 등과 함께 베허 학파의 1세대로 자리매김한다. 작가는 건물의 미학적 측면보다는 자체적 기능에 기반한 유형학적 면에 초점을 맞추지만 함축된 내부 공간의 과거와 현재가 혼재된 장면을 렌즈에 담아내고 있다. 나아가 작가가 지속적으로 탐구하는 ‘인간의 부재’와 ‘공간의 연출’을 평면적으로 해석한 이번 전시작품들은 작가가 현대 문화에 담긴 다양한 표상들에 접근하는 방식을 보여주는 중요한 기회가 될 것이다. 


  작가의 작품은 대부분 서점, 카페테리아, 미술관, 사무실, 동물원, 도서관 등 다양한 공공 장소의 내부가 되어왔다. 구상적 평면성을 기반으로 한 작가의 시각적 명료성은 작품의 캡션에도 똑같이 적용되어 작품 속 공간이나 건물, 위치, 그리고 촬영 날짜만이 간결하게 명시되어 있다. 이를 통해 작가가 사진을 대하는 태도가 기술적인 요소에 비하여 평면, 그 자체로서 시각적 탐구에 기인한다는 것을 알수있는데, 의도적으로 피사체가 된 공간 내부의 오브제와 환경은 그들이 자리한 장소와 진열 방식이 갖는 물질적 한계를 넘어서 시간의 흐름에 따른 축적을 드러냄과 동시에 현대인들의 건축 및 건물 내부를 갖추는 방식을 보여준다.


  칸디다 회퍼는 1975년 뒤셀도르프의 콘라드피셔갤러리에서 개인전을 시작으로 국제적인 전시 및 작품활동을 하고있다. 대표전시 및 활동으로는 루브르미술관 개인전외 그녀의 첫 미국 개인전인 부재의 건축이 노턴미술관에서 열렸으며, 이후 바젤 및 함부르크 쿤스트할레, 토론토의 파워플랜트, 최근의 볼티모어미술관과 카네기미술관등에 개인전을 열었다. 이외에도 2002년 큐레이터 오쿠이 엔위저가 기획한 카셀 도큐멘타 11에 참가하였고, 2001년 뮤제드 보자르의 커미션 작품으로 로댕의 칼레의 시민 12점이 있는 미술관 및 소장처를 방문 및 촬영한 시리즈가 있으며, 2003년 베니스비엔날레에 독일 출신의 회화 및 설치작가 마틴 키펜베르거와 함께 참가하였다. 그밖에도 2004년에서 2007년 동안 개념미술작가 온 카와라의 날짜기록회화의 개인소장된 곳곳을 여행하며 촬영한 활동이 있다.   


  칸디다 회퍼의 작품은 현재 뉴욕 구겐하임미술관과 게티미술관, 뉴욕현대미술관(MoMA), 하버드대학 미술관을 포함하여 스페인 안달루시아 아트센터, 파리 국립도서관, 퐁피두현대미술센터, 베를린 국립미술관, 함부르크 반호프 현대미술관, 뉘른베르크미술관, 영국 테이트 모던 미술관에 영구 소장되어 있다.

Profile

Born:1944 Eberswalde, Germany

Education:
1973-76 Kunstakademie Dusseldorf
1976-82 Photography with Bernd & Hilla Becher

Solo Exhibitions:
2010 ―Candida Höfer Kuehn Malvezzi,‖ Oldenburger Kunstverein, Oldenburg, Germany
―Candida Höfer, Projects: Done,‖ MARCO Museo de Arte Contemporanea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
―Candida Höfer, Zoologische Gärten,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco
―Candida Höfer, Philadelphia,‖ Galerie der Stadt Tuttlingen, Tuttlingen, Germany
―Candida Höfer, Projects: Done,‖ centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo, Sevilla, Spain
2009-2010 ―Candida Höfer, Part II: Naples,‖ Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, England
―Candida Höfer, Spatial Portraits,‖ Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Firenze, Italy
2009 ―Candida Höfer: abundacia ausente,‖ Galeria OMR, Mexico
―Candida Höfer, Napoli,‖ Museo di Capodimonte, Naples, Italy
―Candida Höfer, Part I: Florence‖ Ben Brown Fine Arts, London, England
―Candida Höfer,‖ Mario Sequeira Gallery, Braga, Portugal
―Candida Höfer, Projects: Done,‖ Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
―Candida Höfer, Bologna Series,‖ Galleria Marabini, Milano, Italy
―Candida Höfer, Some Versailles and Paris Spaces,‖ Galleri K auf Art Cologne, Köln, Germany
―Candida Höfer: Philadelphia,‖ Arcadia University Art Gallery, Glenside, PA
―Candida Höfer: Philadelphia,‖ Sonnabend Gallery, New York, NY
2008 ―Candida Höfer, Photographien,‖ Freie Akademie der Künste in Hamburg
―Candida Höfer, Weimarer Räume,‖ Schloβ Benrath, Düsseldorf, Germany
―Candida Höfer, Paris Series,‖ Yvon Lambert Paris, Paris, France
―Candida Höfer, Recent Photographs,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco
―Candida Höfer,‖ Johnen Galerie, Berlin, Germany
―Candida Höfer,‖ Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea
―Candida Höfer, Werkgruppen siet 1968,‖ ZKM Karlsruhe I Museum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany
2007 "Candida Höfer," Galerie Friedrich, Basel, Switzerland
2006 "Candida Höfer," Le Louvre, Paris, France
―Candida Höfer,‖ Galleria Marabini, Bologna, Italy
―Candida Höfer: Dublin,‖ Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
"Candida Höfer," Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany
"Candida Höfer: Em Portugal," Exhibition Centre of Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
2005-2006 ―Candida Höfer: fotografie 2004/2005,‖ Museo di Fotografia Contemporanea, Milano, Italy
2005 ―Candida Höfer: Fotografien 2004/2005,‖ Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover,
Germany
―fotografias de Candida Höfer,‖ OMR, Guadalajara, Mexico
―Candida Höfer, Photographs,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Franisco, CA, USA
―Candida Höfer, Architecture of Absence,‖ University Art Museum, California
State University, Long Beach, CA, and the Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL, USA. Traveling. (Catalogue)
―Candida Höfer,‖ The Sheldon Art Galleries, St. Louis, MO, USA
―Candida Höfer,‖ Johnen Galerie, Berlin, Germany
2004 ―Candida Höfer,‖ Arte Contemporanea Alberto Peola, Torino, Italy
―Candida Höfer in Ethnographischen Sammlungen,‖ Völkerkundemuseum, Zürich, Switzerland (Catalogue) 
―Tschechische Botschaft, Berlin Wilhelmstrasse 44-Fotografien,‖ Kunsthalle Kiel, Germany
―Schloss St. Emmeram Regensburg,‖ Marstall des Fürstlichen Schlosses, Regensburg, Germany
―/hier groeien boeken uit de grond, /books grow out of the ground here, Dutch
Libraries and Librarians photographed by Candida Höfer and Bert Nienhuis, Amsterdam, Netherlands
―Candida Höfer,‖ Sonnabend Gallery, New York, NY, USA
―Candida Höfer,‖ Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany
―Candida Höfer,‖ Ben Brown, London, UK
―Traces—Spuren,‖ Goethe Institut, New York, NY, USA
2003 ―Candida Höfer," Antiquariat Grundel Gelbert, Köln, Germany
―Candida Höfer, New Photographs," Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
―Candida Höfer,‖ Johnen + Schöttle, Köln, Germany
―Candida Höfer,‖ Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany
50th Venice Biennale, German Pavillion (with Martin Kippenberger)
2002 ―Zwölf,‖ Georg-Kolbe-Museum, Berlin, Germany
"Candida Höfer," Altonaer Museum, Hamburg, Germany (Catalogue)
"Zwölf - Twelve," Documenta 11, Kassel, Germany (Catalogue)
"Candida Höfer," Galerie Karlheinz Meyer, Karlsruhe, Germany
"The World of Knowledge II," Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde, Japanisches
Palais and Das Kupferstich-Kabinett, Dresden, Germany
―Candida Höfer: Bibliotheksbilder,‖ Schirmer/Mosel Showroom, Munich, Germany
"Candida Höfer Basel" Ausstellung im Kunstforum Baloise, Basel, Switzerland
―Leseräume II von Candida Höfer,‖ Krefelder Kunstmuseen, Kaiser Wilelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
2001 "Candida Höfer: Photographs," Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
―Candida Höfer,‖ Sonnaband Gallery, New York, NY, USA
Karyn Lovegrove Gallery, Los Angeles, CA, USA
―Photographies recentes,‖ Galerie Laage-Salomon, Paris France
Galerie Hauser and Wirth, Zurich, Switzerland
―Candida Höfer: Photographs,‖ Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA
―Candida Höfer. Douze.-Twelve,‖ Musee des Beaux-Arts et de la Dentelle, Calais, France (Catalogue)
―Candida Höfer: Photographs,‖ Galleri K, Oslo, Norway
Patrick De Brock Gallery, Knokke, Belgium
2000 Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
Karyn Lovegrove Gallery, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Gregorio Magnani, London,UK
―Natuurruimten,‖ Natuurmuseum Rotterdam, Netherlands
―Orte Jahre. Photogragraphien 1968-1999,‖ Kunsthalle Nürnberg,
Germany (Catalogue) and The National Museum of Photography, DET KGL BIBLIOTEK, Copenhagen, Denmark
Galerie Johnen + Schöttle, Cologne, Germany
―Museumsbilder,‖ Kupferstich-Kabinett, Dresden, Germany
―Die Welt des Wissens. Archive, Bibliotheken, Museen,‖ Staattliche Museum, Dresden, Germany
―Neue Fotoarbeiten,‖ Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany
―Targeting images, objects + ideas,‖ The Museum of Contemporary
Photography, Columbia College, Chicago, IL, USA
Palacio del Embarcadero, Santander, Spain (Catalogue)
Galería Fúcares, Madrid, Spain
―Espais,‖ Galería Visor, Valencia, Spain
MODULO, Centro Difusor de Arte, Lisbon, Portugal
―Fotografien,‖ Produzentengalerie Hamburg, Germany
1999 ―Leseräume,‖ Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland
―Photografien,‖ OldenburgerKunstverein, Oldenburg, Germany
―Conceptual Environment I, Raumbilder Fotografien,‖ Goethe Institut, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Galerie Friedrich, Bern, Switzerland
Galerie Karlheinz Meyer, Karlsruhe, Germany
Patrick de Brock Galerie, Knokke, Belgium
1998 Galerie Wilma Tolksdorf, Frankfurt, Germany
―Photographie,‖ Kunstverein Recklinghausen, Germany
―Photographie,‖ Kunstverein Wolfsburg, Germany
Galerie Laage Salomon, Paris, France
Centro de Fotografía, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
Galería Fúcares, Madrid, Spain
1997-98 Centre Photographique d'lle de France, Pontault-Combault, France
1997 "Intérieurs," Goethe-Institut, Galerie Condé, Paris, France
Kunstverein, Salzburg, Austria
Galerie Fotohof, Salzburg, Austria
Galerie Johnen & Schöttle, Cologne, Germany (with Dan Graham)
―Bilder,‖ Galerie Karlheinz Meyer, Karlsruhe, Germany (with Elke Denda)
1996 Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
Sonnabend Gallery, New York, NY, USA
Galerie Fotomanía, Rottersam, Netherlands
Galerie Grita Insam, Vienna, Austria
Robert Prime, London, UK
―Bibliotheken,‖ Galerie Daniel Buchholz, Cologne, Germany (with Michael Krebber)
1995 Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany (with Bernd & Hilla Becher)
Galleri Tommy Lund, Odense, Germany
Galerie Walcheturm, Zurich, Switzerland (with Stühle and Donald Judd)
1994 Anderson O‘Day Gallery, London, UK
Galerie KarlheinzMeyer, Karlsruhe, Germany
Neuer Aachener Kunstverein, Aix-la-Chapelle, France
Castello di Rivara, Turin, Italy
Galerie Johnen & Schöttle, Cologne, Germany (with Günter Förg)
Nicole Klagsbrun, New York, NY, USA (with Roy Arden)
L‘Aquarium Galerie d‘Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Valenciennes, France
1993 ―Zoologische Gärten,‖ Galerie Walcheturm, Zürich, Switzerland
Leonhardi Museum, Dresden, Germany
F-Stop Gallery, Bath; Anderson/O‘Day Gallery, London, UK
―Photographie II – Zoologische Gärten,‖ Hamburger Kunsthalle and Kunsthalle
Bern (with Shirley Wiitasalo), Germany (Catalogue)
Galerie Wilma Tolksdorf, Hamburg, Germany
1992 Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum, Hagen, Germany
Nicole Klagsbrun, New York, NY, USA
Städtische Galerie Haus Seel, Siegen, Germany (Catalogue)
Galerie Johnen & Schöttle, Cologne, Germany (with James Welling)
Portikus, Frankfurt/Main, Germany (Catalogue)
Galerie Grita Insam, Vienna, Austria
―Photografie,‖ Hagener Kunstverein, Hagen, Netherlands (Catalogue)
1991 Galerie Walcheturm, Zürich, Switzerland
1990 Nicole Klagsbrun, New York, NY, USA
Franz Paludetto, Turin, Italy
Galerie Wilma Tolksdorf, Hamburg, Germany
Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany (with Michael Bach)
Galerie Faust, Genf, Switzerland
Galerie Westersingel 8, Rotterdam, Netherlands (with Axel Hütte)
1989 Galerie Wilma Tolksdorf, Hamburg, Germany
Kunstverein, Bremerhaven, Germany
1988 Galerie Johnen & Schöttle, Cologne, Germany
1985 ―Räume,‖ Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany (with Ludger Gerdes)
1984 ―Innenraum Fotografien 1979-1984,‖ Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, Germany (Catalogue)
1982 Fotographische Sammlung, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (Catalogue)
1979 Galerie Arno Kohnen, Düsseldorf, Germany
1975 Galerie Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf, Germany

Selected Group Exhibitions:
2009 ―Of Other Spaces,‖ Columbus College of Art & Design, Columbus, OH
―Die Tropen. Ansichten von der Mitte der Welkugel.‖ Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin
―Objectivites. La photographie a Dusseldorf.‖ Musee d‘Art modern de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.
―INSIDE//OUTSIDE: Innen und Ausblick in der zeitgenössischen deutschen
Fotografie,‖ Museum Küppersmühle Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
―BESart. Banco Espirito Santo Collection. The Present: an Infinite Dimension.‖
Museu Colecção Berardo, Lisboa, Portugal
―Accrochage,‖ Johnen + Schöttle, Köln, Germany
―Art of Two Germanys/Cold War Cultures,‖ LACMA, Los Angeles, CA
―Toluca éditions. 2003 2009. 16 Títulos. Fotografía, Lieteratura, Diseño.‖ Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
―The Complete Schirmer/Mosel Collector‘s Editions 2001-2008,‖
Schirmer/Mosel Showroom, Munich, Germany
―Sigmar Polke. Wir Kleinburger! Clique.‖ Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
―1968. Die Groβe Unschuld.‖ Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
―La vida privada. Coleccion Josep M Civit.‖ Museo Bellas Artes Gravina, Barcelona, Spain
―Die Tropen. Ansichten von der Mitte der Weltkugel.‖ Iziko South African
National Gallery, Kapstadt, South Africa
―Holbein bis Tillmans. Prominente Gaste aus dem Kunstmuseum Basel.‖ Schaulager, Basel, Switzerland
―seitenwechsel. Unsere sammlung neu gesehen.‖ Museum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf, Germany
―60 Jahre – 60 Werke. Kunst aus der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.‖ Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
―Labyrinth:: Freiheit/Labirinto::Libertà/Larirint::Lidëza,‖ Festung Franzensfeste, Franzensfeste, Italy
―Bücher, Bücher, Bücher, nichts als Bucher,‖ Ursula-Blickle-Stiftung, Kraichtal, Germany
―Kunst und Kalter Krieg. Deutsche Positionen 1945-89.‖ Germanisches
Nationalmuseum Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany
―The Making of Art,‖ Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
―Espacios Urbanos. Andreas Gursky, Candida Hofer, Axel Hutte, Thomas Ruff, Thomas Struth,‖ Fundacion PROA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
―Decline and Fall,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, CA
―Sigmar Polke: Wir Kleinburger! Pop,‖ Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg
―Spielarten. Fotografie und Literatur.‖ Konstanzer Kulturzentrum am Munster, Richentalsaal, Konstanz, Germany
―BAM Photography Portfolio III,‖ Massachusetts Institute of Technology/List
Visual Arts Center (MIT), Cambridge, MA
―Beautiful Fictions. Photography at the AGO – featuring the Vivian & David
Campbell Collection.‖ Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
―Traces: IMMA Limited Edtions,‖ Irish Museum of Modern Art Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
―Kunst und Klater Krieg. Deutsche Positionen 1945-89.‖ Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Germany
―Vision Building. Architecture in Contemporary Photography.‖ Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD)/ Gutstein Gallery, Savannah, GA
―Flexible Aura,‖ Brain Factory, Seoul, South Korea
―Past Present Future. Highlights from the UniCredit Group Collection.‖ Bank
Austria Kunstforum, Wien, Austria
―David Chipperfield – Form Matters,‖ Design Museum, London, England
―Die Dusseldorfer Schule. Photographien 1970-2008 aus der Sammlung Lothar
Schirmer.‖ Bayerische Akademie der Schonen Kunste, Munich
―Feedback – Werke aus der Smmlung von Arp bis Herold,‖ Arp Museum
Bahnhof Rolandseck, Rolandseck, Germany
―Best of 50 Years,‖ Kunstverein Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, Germany
―just what is it…100 Jahre Kunst der Moderne aus privaten Sammlungen in
Baden-Wurttemberg. 10 Jahre Museum fur Neue Kunst im ZKM,‖
Museum fur Neue Kunst/ZKM Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
―Ruhrblicke,‖ Zeche Zollverein (Sanaa-Gebaude), Essen, Germany
2008 ―Stadt-Bild-Köln. Photographien von 1880 bis heute,‖ Goethe-Institut, Rotterdam, Netherlands
―Art is for the Spirit: Works from the UBS Art collection,‖ Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
―Hans Poelzig (1869-1936). Architekt – Lehrer – Künstler,‖ Deutsches
Architekturmuseum Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt, Germany
―Die Tropen. Ansichten von der Mitte der Welkugel,‖ Centro Cultural Banco do 
Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
―Inside Architecture: Selections from the Permanent Collection,‖ MOCA, Los Angeles, CA
―Museen: Schoner Bauen – Besser Schauen. Architecktur & Denkbilder,‖
Museum Liner, Appenzell, Switzerland
―Sichtbarwerden,‖ Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum fur Gegenwart, Berlin
―Paraisos indefinidos,‖ Patio de Escuelas, Centro de Fotografia Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
― ‗We Are Stardust. We Are Golden.‘ Women at Johnen + Schöttle since 1984,‖
Johnen + Schöttle, Köln, Germany
―Kavalierstart 1978-1982,‖ Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
―Le Louvre a Québec. Les arts et la vie.‖ Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Québec, Canada
―REAL. Fotografien aus der Sammlung der DZ Bank,‖ Städel, Frankfurt,
Germany
―En Prival 1,‖ Es Baluard Museu de‘Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma, Spain
―memoria. casting a gaze.‖ Contemporary Art Museum, Kumamoto, Japan
―Fotografis, Collection Reloaded,‖ Bank Austria Kunstforum, Wien, Austria
2006 Imposing Order: Contemporary Photography and the Archive, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
2005 ―The Anniversary Show,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
―Worth a Thousand Words: the Book as Image,‖ Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA
2004 ―Artitecture,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
2003 ―Scenery,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
2002 ―Zwichen Schonheit und Sachlichkeit‖ Kunsthalle in Emben, Germany
"Today til now: Contemporary Photography from Düsseldorf, Part 1," Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, Germany
2001 "Museum as Subjects," The National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
"minimalismos, un signo de los tiempos," Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina
Sofia Aldeasa, Madrid, Spain
"In Between: Art and Architecture," Austrian Museum of Applied Art, Vienna,
Austria
2001 ―Depicting Absence/Implying Presence,‖ San Jose Institute of Contemporary Art, San Jose, CA, USA
―Show Time,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
2000 Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, IL, USA
―Of the Moment: Contemporary Art from the Permanent Collection,‖ SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA, USA
―Inside Out: Reality or Fiction?‖ Sean Kelly Gallery, New York, NY, USA
―Paper Cuts,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
―Ansicht Aussicht Einsicht, (Gursky, Höfer Hütte, Ruff, Struth)‖ Crakow (Catalogue)
Kunsthalle Kornwestheim, Stuttgart, Germany
―Architecture without shadow,‖ Centro de Cultura Contemporanea, Barcelona, Spain (Catalogue)
BMW exhibition, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany (Catalogue)
1999 ―Not There,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA. USA
1998 "Spread," Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco, CA, USA
"Stilleben," Kunstverein Goppingen, Goppingen, Germany
1997 "Elke Denda/Candida Höfer," SalzburgerKunstverein, Salzburg, Austria
"Normotic," One Great Jones, New York, NY, USA
1995 ―Giovani Artisti Tedeschi,‖ Centro d‘Arte Contemporanea, Castello di Rivara, Turin, Italy
―Zimmerdenkmaler,‖ Blumenstrasse, Bochum, Germany
―Five Photographers,‖ Rena Bransten Gallery, CA, USA
1994 ―Beyond Recognition,‖ Contemporary International Photography, National
Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia (traveling exhibition)
―Das Genre Tier,‖ Munich, Germany
―Deutsche Kunst mit Photographie. Die 90er Jahre,‖ Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, Germany
―Architektur in der Fotographie,‖ Galerie Wilma Tolksdorf, Hamburg, Germany
―Los Gerneros de la Pintura,‖ Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderna, Las Palma, Spain
1993 ―Photographie in der deutschen Gegenwartskunst,‖ Museum Ludwig, Germany
―Distanz und Nahe,‖ Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
1992 ―Gilles Porret, Christoph Rutimann, Candida Hofer,‖ Kunsthalle Palazzo, Liestal Galerie, Italy
Johnen & Schottle, Cologne, Germany
―Humpty Dumpty‘s Kaleidoscope: A New Generation of German Artist,‖
Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
―Finale,‖ Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Cologne, Germany
―Four Visions of Interior and Exterior Landscapes,‖ Galerie Lehmann, Lausanne, Switzerland
1991 ―Typologies: Nine Contemporary Photographers,‖ Newport Harbor Art Museum,
Newport, Beach, CA, USA
―Aus der Distanz - Photographien von Bernd und Hilla Becher, Andreas Gursky,
Candida Höfer, Axel Hutte, Thomas Ruff, Thomas Struth, Petra
Wunderlich,‖ Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf, Germany
―Paesaggi - La Scuola di Rivara,‖ Castello di Rivara, Turin, Italy
1990 ―German Photography. Documentation and Introspection,‖ Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT, USA
―Perspectives on Place - Attitudes Toward the Built Environment,‖ University Art Gallery, San Diego, CA, USA
―Gunther Forg, Andreas Gursky, Candida Hofer, Thomas Ruff,‖ Kunstverein, Ulm, Germany
1989 ―Shifting Focus,‖ Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol: Serpentine Gallery, London, UK
―Sei Artisti Tedeschi,‖ Castello di Rivara, Turin, Italy
―Accrochage II,‖ Galerie Meert/Rihoux, Brussels, Belgium
1988 Galerie Rudiger Schottle, Munich, Germany
―Fotografen,‖ APAC, Neuer, Germany
―Klasse Bernhard Becher,‖ Galerie Johnen & Schottle, Cologne, Germany
1987 ―Foto/Realismen,‖ Kunstverein Munich: Nationalgalerie im Kunstforum der
Rundkreditbank Berlin, Germany: Villa Dessauer, Bamberg, Germany
1986 ―Gursky, Hofer, Hutte,‖ Ausstellungsraum Brukenstrasse, Dusseldorf, Germany
―Fotografie und Skulptur,‖ Hansaallee, Dusseldorf, Germany
―Sieben Fotgrafen,‖ Galerie Rudiger Schottle, Munich, Germany
1984 ―Aus den Trummern,‖ Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, Germany
1983 ―22 Fotgrafinnen. Ein Querschnitt Zeitgenossisher Fotografie,‖ Hahnentorburg, Cologne, Germany
1982 ―Work by Young Photographers from Germany,‖ Art Galaxy, New York, USA
1981 Galerie Konrad Fischer (Forderprogramm fur junge Kunst), Internationaler Kunstmarkt, Cologne, Germany
1979 ―In Deutschland - Aspekte gegenwartiger Dokumentarfotografie,‖ Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, Germany
―Schlaglichter. Eine Bestandsaufnahme aktueller Kunst im Rheinland 1979,‖
Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, Germany
1978 ―Europa und Vorderasien,‖ Museum fur Volkerkunde, Hamburg, Germany
1976 ―Nachbarschaft,‖ Kunsthalle Dusseldorf, Germany

Selected Public Collections:
Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Centro de Fotografia Universidad de Salamanca, Spain
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
DG Bank Collection, Germany
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland
Kunsthalle Hamburg, Germany
Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Germany
Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria
Museum Folkwang, Fotografische Sammlung, Essen, Germany
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA
Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, Germany
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA, USA
Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design, Nürnberg, Germany
St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO, USA
ZKM Karlsruhe, Germany