Whanki Kim

金煥基 김환기 (1913-1974)
Information

  Artist Whan-ki Kim born in 1913 belongs to the 1st generation of Korean modern abstract art. Studying in Janpan University School of the Arts, Tokyo in 1930s, he had joined The Coming home to Korea in 1937, he had cultivated gifted students in Seoul National and Hongik University. To focus on formative arts, he had used as materials the landscape full of national sentiment - mountains, the moon, rivers, apricot trees, white porcelains of the Chosun Dynasty.


  Even during 3 years when he stayed in Paris, Kim had groped for his own creative pictures, using abstract expressions from the motive 'the Korean landscape." In 1963, Kim participated in the 7th Sao Paulo Biennale as a representative painter of South Korea and received the Honorary Award in the category of paintings. 


  Taking this opportunity, he moved into New York. There, he had established his own peculiar artistic realm 'Pointillism,' based on Korean lyrical sentiment and become widely known to Paris and New York, the center of modern arts as well as South Korea.

 수화(樹話) 김환기는 한국 추상미술의 제1세대로서 세련되고 승화된 조형언어로 한국적 서정주의를 바탕으로 한 고유의 예술 세계를 정립하여 한국을 비롯하여 현대 미술의 중심지인 파리와 뉴욕으로까지 그 이름을 알리신 분이다.

  그는 1930년대 후반 경부터 가장 전위적인 활동의 하나였던 추상미술을 시도, 한국의 모더니즘을 리드하였으며 현대적이고 절제된 조형언어를 바탕으로 이룩한 그의 정서세계는 50년대에 이르러 산, 강, 달 등 자연을 주 소재로 더욱 밀도 높고 풍요로운 표현으로 한국적 정서를 아름답게 조형화 하였다.

  그의 예술은 1956년부터 1959년까지 약 3년간의 파리시대와 상파울로 비엔날레에서 수상한 해인 1963년부터 작고한 1974년에 이르는 뉴욕시대에 가장 왕성한 활동을 보여주었다. 파리시대와 서울시대를 포함한 1950년대까지 그의 예술은 엄격하고 절제된 조형성 속에 한국의 고유한 서정의 세계를 구현하였으며,1960년대 후반 뉴욕시대에는 점, 선, 면 등 순수한 조형적 요소로 보다 보편적이고 내밀한 서정의 세계를 심화시켰다.

Profile

1936   니혼 대학교 미술과 수료 
1937   니혼 대학교 연구과 수료 


개인전
2005  사람은 가고 예술은 남다 : 김환기 30주년 기념전 2부 환기 미술관 
2004  사람은 가고 예술은 남다 : 김환기 30주년 기념전 1부 환기 미술관 
2004  김환기 1965-68 : 산월과 문자 그림, 환기 미술관 
2002  김환기 탄신 기념전 환기 미술관 
2001  탄생 기념전 환기 미술관 
1996  김환기 미공개 : 종이 위의 유채 및 과슈 환기 미술관 
1995  김환기 십자구도 환기 미술관 
1994  김환기 20주기 회고전 : 어디서 무엇이 되어 다시 만나랴 환기 미술관 
1993  김환기 장정과 삽화전 환기 미술관 
1993  김환기 탄생 80년 기념전 : 영원의 노래 환기 미술관 
1992  김환기 뉴욕 1963-1974 환기 미술관 
1991  김환기 뉴욕 1966-1969 환기 미술관 
1987  회고전 파리 국립조형예술센타 파리
1977 ~ 1978  회고전 뉴욕 동경 
1975  회고전 국립현대미술관 
1975  개인전 Poindexter 화랑 뉴욕 
1974  제22회 개인전 슈레브포트 반웰 미술관 (미국 루이지애나) 
1965  (제16회 초대 개인전) 제8회 상파울로 비엔날레 특별실 브라질 상파울로 
1958  제10회 개인전 앵스티튀 화랑 (프랑스 파리) 
1957  개인전 슈발드베레 화랑 (벨기에 브뤼셀) 
1954  개인전 USIS 화랑 (서울) 
1937  제1회 개인전 아마기 화랑 (일본 동경) 
 

단체전
2006  예화랑 개관 28주년 특별기획전  예화랑
2001  한국 현대미술의 전개 : 1970-90 현대 갤러리 
2000  한국 현대미술의 시원 국립현대미술관 
1999  한국미술 50년 : 1950-1999 현대 갤러리 
1998  다시찾은 근대미술 덕수궁 석조전 
1997  반향 아트 선재센터 
1997  한국 근대미술 : 유화 - 근대를 보는 눈 국립현대미술관 
1995  한국 현대미술 50년전 환기 미술관, 호암 미술관 
1994  (2인전) 김환기, 김향안 50주년 기념전 환기 미술관 
1992  환기 미술관 개관 기념 특별전 신현대 갤러리, 원 화랑 
1986  서울-파리전 서울 갤러리 파리 국립조형예술센터 (프랑스) 
1983  FIAC Poindexter 화랑 (미국 뉴욕) 
1981  회화와 오브제전 1967-71 Dintenfass 화랑 (미국 뉴욕) 
1978 ~ 1980 FIAC 프랑스 파리 
1975  제13회 상파울로 비엔날레 브라질 상파울로 
1972  한국 근대미술 60년전 국립현대미술관 
1963  제7회 상파울로 비엔날레 브라질 상파울로 
1957  T.V MONTECALO전 모나코 
 1956  파리 외국인작가전 이탈리아 플로렌스 
1953  신사실파전 부산 임시국립박물관 
1937 - 1940  자유미술협회전 일본 동경 
1936   백만회 일본 동경 


수상
1935 - 1936 이과회전 입선 일본 
1963 제7회 상파울로 비엔날레 명예상 브라질 상파울로 
1964 J.D. 록펠러 III 재단에서 수여하는 지원금  
1970 제1회 한국미술대상전 대상 한국일보사