마이클 크레이그-마틴 (b.1941)
Michael Craig-Martin was born in Dublin in 1941 and educated in the United States, studying fine art at Yale University. He returned to Europe in the mid-1960s, becoming one of the key figures in the first generation of British conceptual artists. He was a professor at Goldsmith's College from 1974-1988 and 1994-2000, where he remained a powerful influence on the emerging British artists.
His early work made deliberate reference to the American artists he most admired, such as Donald Judd, Jasper Johns and Robert Morris. Although he was particularly affected by Minimalism and used ordinary household materials in his sculptures, playing against the logic of his sources. In the early 1970s, he exhibited his now seminal piece An Oak Tree, consisting of a glass of water standing on a shelf attached to the gallery wall. In the accompanying text, he asked himself questions to assert that the glass was in fact an oak tree. Craig-Martin continued working in various forms, always maintaining an elegant restraint and conceptual clarity. During the 1990s the focus of his work shifted decisively to painting, with the same range of boldly outlined motifs and luridly vivid colour schemes in unexpected (and at times apparently arbitrary) combinations applied both to works on canvas, and to increasingly complex installations of wall paintings.
Craig-Martin's work is in many public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Tate Gallery, London. He has recent retrospectives at the Irish Museum of Modern Art (2006-2007) and Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria (2006), and has permanent large-scale installations at Regents Place, London and The Laban Center, Greenwich, a collaboration with architects Herzog and DeMeuron.
“보고 느껴라……생각하지는 말고..”
“이미지는 혁명이고 그 진실은 책 속에 담겨있다.”
런던의 골드 스미스 대학에서 줄리안 오피, 이안 다벤포트, 다미엔 허스트 등 YBA를 지도한 스승이다.
그가 창조해 내는 선은 마치 건물 설계도처럼 ‘도시적’이다. 이런 작업을 통해 소비중심적인 세상을 은유적으로 표현하고 나아가 자신이 가지고 있는 구매품들을 성찰의 매개물로 삼고 있다. 그의 작품들은 일상 생활에서 접할 수 있는 대상들을 독특한 그만의 방식으로 재구성해 보여준다. 그가 창조해 내는 일상의 사물은 단순한 선들과 예기치 못한 낯선 색상으로 표현 되는데 예를 들면 초록색 의자, 보라색 전구 파란색 카메라 등 설계도면처럼 디자인적인 선들과 순도 높은 원색이 독특한 대비와 조화를 이룬다. 그래서 화면은 익숙하면서도 낯설다.
그 단순하고 선명한 화면은 관객의 원초적인 감각을 자극한다. 화면 속의 사물을 이성적으로 평가할 틈을 주지도 않으며 즉각적인 감각을 제공한다는 말이다. 이성의 과도한 허위의식을 거부하는 것이다. 그리고 이런 질문을 유도한다. 왜 전구를 보라색으로 했을까? 세상읠 삶을 되돌아 보게 하는 것. 이성을 거부했지만 궁극적으로는 삶과 미술을 사유하게 한다. 이러한 역설이 그의 작품의 매력이다.
Born in 1941, Dublin, Ireland.
Lives and works in London.
1964-1966 MFA, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
1961-1963 BA, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
1959-1961 Fordham University, New York.
2010 Michael Craig-Martin, Gagosian Gallery, Athens, Greece
Michael Craig-Martin, The Goss-Michael Foundation, Dallas.
2009 Michael Craig-Martin- New Works, Galerie Haas & Fuchs, Berlin.
Michael Craig-Martin, PKM Trinity Gallery, Seoul.
2008 Alphabets and Sunsets, Alan Cristea Gallery, London.
Michael Craig-Martin, The Columns, Seoul.
2007 A is for Umbrella, Gagosian Gallery, London (Britannia Street).
2006 Michael Craig-Martin, New Art Centre, Wiltshire, England.
Michael Craig-Martin: Signs of Life, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria.
Michael Craig-Martin (curated by Enrique Juncosa), Irish Museum of Modern Art,
Dublin. (through 2007)
Climate Change, Le Magasin – Centre National d’Art Contemporain de Grenoble,
2005 Michael Craig-Martin, Galerie Haas & Fuchs, Berlin.
ARP / CRAIG-MARTIN / ARP, Arp Museum, Remagen, Germany.
2004 Michael Craig-Martin: Surfacing, Milton Keynes Art Gallery, England.
2003 Workspace, Galerie Judin, Zurich
Eye of the Storm, Gagosian Gallery, New York (Chelsea).
2002 Inhale/exhale, Manchester Art Gallery (site specific installation).
2001 Landscapes, Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin (site specific installation).
Living, Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Berardo Collection, Portugal.
2000 Conference, Waddington Galleries, London.
Michael Craig-Martin, IVAM, Valencia, Spain (site specific installation). Full/empty, fig-1, London.
1999 Michael Craig-Martin: And sometimes a cigar is just a cigar, Wurttembergischer
Kunstverein, Stuttgart (site specific installation).
ModernStarts: Things, Museum of Modern Art, New York (site specific installation).
Common History, Peter Blum Gallery, New York.
1998 Michael Craig-Martin: Always Now, Kunstverein, Hannover, Germamy. (site specific
Michael Craig-Martin, British Pavilion, Ibirapuera park, 24th International Bienal of Sao
Paolo, Brazil (site specific installation).
Mario Diacono Gallery, Boston, MA.
1997 Innocence and experience, Waddington Galleries, London.
Michael Craig-Martin: Prints, Alan Cristea Gallery, London.
Michael Craig-Martin, Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne, Germany.
Michael Craig-Martin und Raymond Pettibon, Kunstverein für die Rheinlande,
Dusseldorf, Germany. (site specific installation).
1995 Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (site specific installation).
1994 Private space, public space, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (site specific
Wall paintings at the Villa Herbst, Museum Sztuki, Lodz, Poland (site specific
1993 An oak tree, Galeria Foksal, Warsaw, Poland.
Accommodating, British School at Rome (site specific installation).
Galerie Claudine Papillon, Paris (site specific installation).
At Home, Waddington Galleries, London.
1992 Waddington Galleries, London.
1991 Projects 27, Museum of Modern Art, New York (site specific installation).
David Nolan Gallery, New York.
Michael Craig-Martin, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Andre Malraux, Le Havre, France.
1990 Galerie Claudine Papillon, Paris.
1989 Michael Craig-Martin: A retrospective 1968-1989, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London.
1988 Waddington Galleries, London.
1985 Waddington Galleries, London.
1982 Fifth Triennale India, New Delhi.
Waddington Galleries, London.
1981 Galerija Suvremene Umjetnosti, Zagreb, Croatia.
1980 Galeria Bama, Paris.
1979 Galeria Foksal, Warsaw, Poland.
Galeria Akumlatory, Poznan, Poland.
Oliver Dowling Gallery, Dublin, Ireland.
1978 Galerie December, Dusseldorf, Germany.
Michael Craig-Martin: 10 works 1970-77, Institute of Modern Art, Brisbane, Australia.
1977 Oliver Dowling Gallery, Dublin, Ireland.
1976 Michael Craig-Martin: Selected Works 1966-1975, Turnpike Gallery, Leigh, England.
Toured Great Britain (through 1977).
1974 Galerie December, Münster, Germany.
1971 Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, England.
Richard Demarco gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland.
1969 Rowan Gallery, London (also 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1980).
Selected Group Exhibitions
2010 Art – Curated by Michael Craig-Martin, Galerie Haas & Fuchs, Berlin.
2009 Istanbul Biennial, Antrepo No.3, Tobacco Warehouse, and The Feriköy Greek School,
Northern Print Biennale, Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne.
Summer Exhibition 2009, Royal Academy of Arts, London.
2008 New Prints from the Royal College of Art Selected by Chris Orr RA, Royal Academy of
Exquisite Corpse, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin.
Martian Museum of Terrestrial Art, Barbican, London.
ARTfutures 2008, Bloomberg Space, London.
For the Spirit-From the USB Art Museum, Tokyo
Long Distance Information, Bengal Gallery of Fine Arts, Dhaka.
2007 Living In the Material World – Things In Art Of The 20th Century and Beyond, The
National Art Center, Tokyo, Japan.
2006 Hyperdesign, Shanghai Biennale, Shanghai, China.
How to Improve the World, 60 years of British Art, Arts Council Collection, Hayward
As if by Magic, Bethlehem Peace Centre, Palestine.
Switched On: Light Boxes and Digital Animations, Alan Cristea Gallery, London.
2005 Painting the Edge, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, South Korea.
Works on Paper, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills.
2004 100 Artists See God (curated by John Baldessari and Meg Cranston), Laguna Art
Museum, CA. Traveled to: Institute of Contemporary Art, London.
2002 Passenger, Astrup Fearnley Museum, Oslo, Norway.
Blast to Freeze, British Art in the 20th Century, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, Germany.
2001 Lux Gallery, London.
Yale School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT.
2000 Live in your head, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London. Traveled to: Museo do Chiado,
Lisbon, Portugal (through 2001).
Intelligence, New British Art 2000, Tate Britain, London (site specific installation).
Die scheinbaren Dinge, Haus der Kunst, Munich (site specific installation).
Voilá le Monde dans la tête, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.
Shifting ground, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland.
Drawings 2000, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York.
Drawings & Photographs, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York.
1998 Elegant Austerity, Waddington Galleries, London.
Jardin d’artiste, Musée Zadkine, Paris.
Up to 2000, Southampton City Art Gallery, England.
Cluster Bomb, Morrison Judd, London.
1997 Treasure Island, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal.
Follow Me: British Art on the Lower Elbe (organized by landschaftsverband), Stade,
Buxtehude Museum, Germany (site specific installation).
Love Hotel (organized by National Gallery of Australia). Toured Australia.
1996 Un siècle de sculpture Anglaise, Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris.
1995 The Adventure of Painting (curated by Martin Hentschel and Raimund Stecker),
Kunstverein, Düsseldorf, Germany and Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany (site
Drawing the line: reassessing drawing past and present selected by Michael Craig-
Martin), South Bank Centre exhibition, Southampton City Art Gallery, England.
1:1 Wandmalerei: wall drawings and wall paintings, Kunstlerwerkstat, Munich,
Germany (site specific installation).
1994 Wall to Wall, Serpentine Gallery, London (site specific installation).
1993 Cut of sight, out of mind, Lisson Gallery, London.
Here and Now, Serpentine Gallery, London.
1991 Objects for the Ideal Home: The Legacy of Pop Art, Serpentine Gallery, London.
1990 The Readymade Boomerang (curated by Rene Block), Sydney Biennale.
1989 Sculpture, Six Friedrich Gallery, Munich, Germany.
Michael Craig-Martin, Grenville Davey, Julion Opie, Lia Rumma Gallery, Naples, Italy.
1988 Starlit Waters: British Sculpture, on International Art 1968-1988, Tate Gallery,
Britannica: Treinte Ans de Sculpture, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Andre Malraux, Le
Havre, France. Travelled to: Museum Van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp,
That Which Appears Is Good, That Which Is Good Appears, Tanja Grunert Gallery,
1987 Vessel, Serpentine Gallery, London.
Wall Works, Cornerhouse Gallery, Manchester, England.
1986 Entre el Objeto y la Imagen - Escultura britanica contemporanea, Palacio Velazquez,
Madrid. Travelled to: Barcelona; Bilbao, Spain.
1984 1965-1972 - when attitude became form, Kettle’s Yard Gallery, Cambridge, England
and Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland.
1983 New Art, Tate Gallery, London.
1982 Aspects of British Art Today, Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo. Toured Japan.
1981 Malmoe, Konsthall, Malmö, Sweden.
Construction in Process, Lodz, Poland.
British Sculpture in the 20th Century, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London.
1980 ROSC, University College Gallery and National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin.
1979 Un Certain Art Anglais (organised by ARC II and the British Council), Musée d’Art
Moderne de to Ville de Paris.
JP II, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (in collaboration with the British
1978 The Garden (organised by Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels),
Jardin botanique National, Meis, Belgium.
1977 Documenta VI, Kassel, West Germany.
Hayward Annual: Current British Art Part II, Hayward Gallery, London.
1976 Art as Thought Process, XI Biennale International d’Art, Palais d’Europe, Menton,
Sydney Biennal, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.
1975 IX Biennale des Jeunes Artistes, Paris.
Contemporary British Drawings, XIII Biennial of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Britanniasta 75, Helsingin Taidehalli, Helsinki, Finland. Toured Finland.
1974 Idea and Image in Recent Art, Art Institute of Chicago.
1973 Art as Thought Process, Serpentine Gallery, London.
11 British Artists, Staatlichen Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, Germany. Travelled to:
Kunsthalle, Bremen, Germany.
Henry Moore to Gilbert & George, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium.
1972 7 Exhibitions, Tate Gallery, London.
The New Art, Hayward Gallery, London.
2010 KIDS, Radcliffe Childrens Hospital, Oxford.
2009 Street life, Docklands Light Railway Station, Woolwich Arsenal, London.
2008 One World and Parade - European investment bank, Luxemberg commission
2007 Cascades, Nice, France.
2006 St. Alban Restaurant, London.
2002 Williams-Sonoma Corporation Headquarters, San Francisco, CA (painting on canvas).
Norddeutsche Landesbank Headquarters, Hannover, Germany (wall painting).
Architects: Behnisch, Behnisch and Partner.
Laban Dance Centre, London, artist consultant to architects Herzog & deMeuron and
site specific installation (large scale digitally produced image an vinyl).
Regents Place, London (large scale digitally produced image on vinyl in light box).
Architects: Sheppard Robson.
‘Modern Painters,’ image for magazine cover and 8 page curated section, March
Manchester Art Gallery, England. Installation commissioned to mark the reopening of
Manchester Art Gallery
2001 Landeszentralbank, Gera (wall paintings). Architects: David Chipperfield.
‘Coloured TV,’ BBC, London, digital artwork (screensaver).
2000 British Embassy, Moscow (painting on canvas). Architects: Ahrends Burton.
British Council Building, Berlin (ceiling painting). Architects: Sauerbruck Hutton.
Royal Mail - design of Millenium commemorative postage stamp (theme: right to
2000 Glasgow Collection (Design Museum) commission to design a piece of furniture:
Ivy Restaurant, London, design of stained glass windows and exterior clock.
Museum of Modern Art, New York, digital artwork (screensaver).
Museum of Modern Art, New York, special millenium poster.
1999 ABN Amro Headquarters, Amsterdam (wall painting). Architect: I.M. Pei.
Milton Keynes Theatre and Milton Keynes Gallery (metal relief).
Thames & Hudson, Publishers London (temporary installation).
Swiss Light, Tate Modern, London (collaboration with architects Herzog & deMeuron).
1998 Mark Baldwin Dance Company, costume design for M-Piece, Queen Elizabeth Hall,
1998 EU Council meeting, Lancaster House, London (temporary installation).
Millennium Dome Commission, proposal for site specific sculpture.
1997 ‘Shop Fitting,’ Jigsaw, New Bond Street, London (temporary installation).
Mark Baldwin Dance Company, costume design for Samples, Queen Elizabeth HaII,
1994 Tokyo International Exhibition Center, Tokyo (wall painting) (through 2005).
1992 Morgan-Stanley International, Canary Wharf, London (4-part circular wall drawing).
Ballet Rambert, set and costume design for Gone choreographed by Mark Baldwin,
premiered at Royal Northern College of music, Manchester, England.
1990 Rosehaugh Stanhope Investments PLC for Broadgate, London (large scale drawings
in gold leaf on glass, two windows) (through 1991).
1988 Hasbro-Bradley U-K. Ltd., Stockley Park, Middlesex, England (wall painting).
1984 Colchester District General Hospital, Essex, England (wall painting).
1983 Midland Bank, New York (painted canvas and metal reliefs).
1975 Margate District Council, England (neon drawing).
Allen Art Museum, Oberlin College, OH.
Arp Museum, Remagen, Germany
Arts Council of Great Britain, London.
Australian National Gallery, Canberra.
Baltimore Museum of Art, MD.
Basildon Arts Trust, England.
Berardo Museum-Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art, Lisbon
Budapest Museum of Contemporary Art
Centro de Arte Moderna José de Azeredo Perdigão – Fundacão Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
Collezione Maramotte, Reggio Emilia.
Contemporary Art Society, London.
Contemporary Art Society for Wales.
Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, England.
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England.
FRAC Nord Pas de Calais, France.
Government Art Collection.
Haags Gemeentemuseum, Gravenhage, The Netherlands.
Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, MA.
Hiscox Art Projects, London.
Kadist Art Foundation, Paris.
Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds.
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Andre Malraux, Le Havre, France.
Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid.
National Museum Cardiff, Cardiff.
Queensland Art Gallery/Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD.
SCAG-Southampton City Art Gallery, Southamption.
Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Portugal – The Berardo Collection.
Southampton City Art Gallery, England.
Stella Art Foundation, Moscow.
Swindon Art Gallery, England.
Tate Gallery, London.
Ulster Museum, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, England.