​Arman

​아르망(1928-2005)
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ARMAN BIOGRAPHY (1928 - 2005)

 

  specialize very much in… everything,” the French-born American artist Arman told an interviewer in 1968. “I have never been — how do you say it? A dilettante.” Regarded as one of the most prolific and inventive creators of the late 20th century, Arman’s vast artistic output ranges from drawings and prints to monumental public sculpture to his famous “accumulations” of found objects. His work—strongly influenced by Dada, and in turn a strong influence on Pop Art—is in the collections of such institutions as the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. 

  Born in Nice in 1928, Armand Pierre Fernandez showed a precocious talent for painting and drawing as a child. (Inspired by Vincent van Gogh, he signed his early work with his first name only; he retained a printer’s 1958 misspelling of his name for the rest of his career.) The son of an antiques dealer and amateur cellist, the artist absorbed an intense appreciation for music, the art of collecting and the cultivation of discriminating taste from an early age. After studies at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Nice, Arman decamped to Paris to study art history at the Ecole du Louvre. His work in these early years focused on abstract paintings inspired by the work of Nicolas de Staël. An avid reader, Arman sought inspiration through books and art reviews, as well as during frequent road trips throughout Europe with his artist friends from Nice, Claude Pascale and Yves Klein. During this period, Arman developed a passion for Eastern philosophy, early Chinese art and the martial art of judo, even working as an instructor at the Bushido Kai judo school in Spain. Additionally, he served two years as an orderly in the French military in Indochina. 

  Inspired by the Dadaist collages of Kurt Schwitters, Arman’s first solo show, in Paris in 1954, exhibited his “Cachets,” assemblages and accumulations of stamps and fabric that were to prove an important step in the development of his artistic vision. More consequential yet was his signing, in 1960, of the manifesto of the “Nouveau Réalisme” (New Realism) movement, with fellow artists Klein, Martial Raysse and Jean Tinguely, among others. “New Realism equals new, sensitive, perceptive approaches to the real,” asserted the document, and Arman set out on a new course, in which he would re-examine the artistic possibilities of everyday objects, elevating the banal to the aesthetic, and refuse into art. 

  The same year, Arman had a Landmark exhibition at the Iris Clert Gallery in Paris, “Full Up” (“Le Plein”), an audacious installation/happening that filled the entire gallery with garbage. In 1961, he unveiled yet another of the many “strategies” he would employ over his career: the “colères,” manmade objects he would smash, then reassemble and mount on wood panels. These well-known works, together with his “coupes” (“slicing”)—objects (frequently mass-produced) he would cut apart then put on display—and his “combustions”—objects he set ablaze, and whose charred remains he exhibited—represented acts of artistic creation through destruction. They exemplified the way Arman continually compelled viewers of his work to re-evaluate their ideas with respect to beauty and fine art. 

  namored by the artistic energy of New York in the ’60s, Arman moved into the Chelsea Hotel in 1967, and became an American citizen (adopting the official name of Armand P. Arman) in 1973. As he established himself in New York, his projects became ever more ambitious and prolific, and featured accumulations of tools, clocks, jewelry and countless other materials. He would weld hundreds of these objects together into sculpted formations, some only centimeters high, others filling entire rooms. He would encase the objects in polymer resin to form optically intriguing showcases for them. He was the first contemporary artist to receive commissions from the Renault car company; this collaboration resulted in a series of works using car parts which Arman exhibited at the 1970 World’s Fair in Osaka, Japan. He also drew intense inspiration from the sinuous shapes of string and brass instruments—and harnessed his longstanding appreciation for music—to create countless accumulations and “coupes” of cellos, violins, and trombones; these are perhaps his most widely known works. 

  Arman brought his techniques to bear on public, monumental sculpture as well. His “Long-Term Parking,” created in 1982 in the Parisian suburb of Jouy-en-Josas, is a 50-foot-high column of concrete that encases dozens of cars. Yet more monumental is his “Hope for Peace” (“Espoir de Paix”), commissioned in 1995 by the then Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri to stand alongside the Lebanese Army Headquarters in Beirut. Towering even higher than “Long-Term Parking,” “Hope For Peace” encases armored vehicles and tanks, whose barrels poke out through the concrete, pointing upwards. 

  Later in his career, Arman returned to painting. In 1989 he exhibited paintings at New York’s Vrej Baghoomian Gallery and, in 1995, he exhibited a series of paintings inspired by Van Gogh’s “Starry Night.” He produced several series of monochrome paintings, often using the paint tubes themselves on the canvases in addition to the paint they contained. In 1991, he unveiled a series of “robot-portraits” of classical composers—from Bach and Beethoven to Wagner and Arman’s contemporary Philip Glass. These large-scale works evoked their subjects through assemblages of such objects as sheet music and instruments.

  Throughout his career, Arman remained passionately engaged with human rights issues important to him. For five years, he served as President of the New York Chapter of Artists for Amnesty International. In 1990, on the occasion of a major retrospective of his work that was to be the inaugural attraction at the Museum of Contemporary and Modern Art in his hometown of Nice, Arman made a major statement against religious prejudice. Only weeks before the scheduled opening, Nice hosted the convention of the Front National, a right-wing French political party whose guest of honor had been a German Neo-Nazi. The Mayor of Nice honored the F.N., and in the uproar that followed made anti-Semitic remarks. In protest, and in staying true to his convictions, Arman cancelled the retrospective, and, as a consequence, waited until 2002 for his work to be exhibited in the city of his birth. Some friends had advised Arman not to mix politics with art. He responded, “If you are not willing to mix with politics sometimes, politics may one day mix with you—whether you want it or not.” Over the course of his career, Arman had over 600 one-person shows, and was the subject major retrospective exhibitions at the Houston Museum of Fine Art, in 1991, and at the Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume in Paris, in 1998. 

  Though Arman passed away in October 2005, the efforts of his wife of 34 years, Corice Canton Arman, and of the Arman P. Arman Trust, continue to ensure that his remarkable legacy—his ability to transform and elevate, his political engagement and his incisive humanism—will continue to affect and influence the world he loved so much.

아르망 전기 (1928 – 2005)

 

  “저는 음.. 대부분의 것을 전공했다고 봐야겠죠,” 프랑스에서 태어난 미국인 예술가인 아르망은 1968년에 한 인터뷰어에게 이렇게 대답했다. “저는 그 단어가 뭐였죠? 애호가? 였던 적은 없어요.” 20세기후반에 가장 다작하고 창의적이었던 예술가 중 한 명으로 여겨지는 아르망의 넓은 예술적 산출은 회화부터 프린트, 공공 조각, 그리고 그의 유명한 발견된 물품들 “축적” 에 이르기까지 다양하다. 다다이즘에서 많은 영향을 받고, 팝 아트에 많은 영향을 미친 그의 작품은 뉴욕 메트로폴리탄 박물관, 런던의 테이트 화랑과 파리의 퐁피두센터에 소장되어 있다.

 

  니스에서 1928년에 태어난 아르망 피에르 페르난데즈는 어렸을 적부터 회화와 그림 그리기에 조숙한 재능을 보였다. 빈센트 반 고흐의 영향을 받아 그는 그의 초기작들을 성 없이 이름으로만 사인했고, 1958년에 한 인쇄업자가 그의 이름 철자를 잘못 프린트 한 것을 그의 커리어 내내 유지했다. 골동품 딜러와 아마추어 첼로 연주자 사이에서 태어난 그는 어린 나이부터 음악에 대한 강렬한 공감과, 수집의 미 그리고 취향의 구별을 길렀다. 니스의 Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs 에서 수학한 아르망은 곧 파리로 떠나서 Ecole du Louvre에서 미술사를 전공했다. 이 시기에 그려진 그의 초기작들은 주로 니콜라 드 스탈의 영향을 받은 추상화에 집중했다. 독서광인 그는 책과 예술 비평에서 많은 영감을 얻었으며, 또한 그의 고향 니스 출신 예술가 친구들인 끌로드 파스칼과 이브 클라인 같은 친구들과 함께 유럽 전역을 여행하며 영감을 받았다. 이 시기에 그는 동양 철학, 초기 중국 예술, 유도에 열정을 쏟았으며, 스페인의 Bushido Kai 유도 학교에서 강사로 일하기도 했다. 또한 인도 차이나 대륙에서 2년 동안 프랑스 군에서 근무하기도 했다.

  쿠르트 슈비터스의 다다이즘 꼴라쥬에 영향을 받은 아르망의 첫 개인전은 1954년 파리에서 열렸으며, “Cachets (특징)” 라는 주제로 도장과 원단의 모음과 축적으로 이루어진 그의 예술적 비전의 발전 단계에서 중요한 역할을 가지는 전시였다. 이보다 더 중요한 것은 그가 1960년에 동료 예술가들인 클라인, 마르샬 레스, 장 팅겔리 등과 함께 누보 레알리슴의 (신 사실주의) 운동의 선언문에 사인을 한 것이었다. “신 사실주의는 실재에 대해 새롭고, 감각적이며, 통찰력 있는 접근을 하는 것을 뜻한다” 라고 그 문서는 주장한다. 아르망은 이에 그치지 않고, 새로운 방향성을 찾아서 일상에서의 예술적 가능성을 재검토하고, 평범함을 미적이나 예술은 아닌 것으로 만들어 내는 작업을 시작했다.

  같은 해에, 아르망은 파리에서 “Full Up” (“Le Plein”) 이라는 랜드마크 전시를 파리의 이리스 클레르 갤러리에서 진행했는데, 이는 그 화랑 전체를 쓰레기로 채우는 굉장히 대담한 설치예술/해프닝 이었다. 1961년에 그는 그의 커리어 동안 사용하는 많은 “전략” 중 하나를 소개했다. “colères (분노라는 뜻의 colère의 복수형)” 는 인간이 만든 물체를 부수고, 재구성하여 나무 판넬에 거는 작업이었다. 이 유명한 작품들은 그의 다른 작품들, 이를테면 “coupes (자르기)” – 자주 대량 생산되는 물체를 자르고 전시하는 – 그리고 “combustions (불지르기)” – 물체에 불을 지르고 그 그을린 유해를 전시하는 – 과 함께 파괴를 통한 예술적 창조를 대표한다. 그 작품들은 아르망이 보는 이들로 하여금 그들의 아름다움과 순수 예술에 대한 생각을 재평가하게 하는 그 방법론의 전형적인 예시이다.

  1960년대 뉴욕의 예술적 에너지에 매료된 그는, 1967년에 첼시 호텔로 이사했고 1973년 미국의 시민권자가 되었다 (그러면서 그는 Armand P. Arman 이라는 이름으로 개명하였다). 그가 뉴욕에 자리를 잡으면서, 그의 기획들은 더 야망이 넘치고 다작스럽게 변했는데, 이 과정에서 그는 다양한 도구, 시계, 보석 그리고 수 없이 많은 다른 재료들을 모으는 것을 보여주곤 했다. 그는 수백 개의 물체들을 조각된 형태로 용접해 붙이곤 했는데, 이 조각은 몇 센치밖에 안되는 작은 것들부터 방 전체를 채우는 큰 것까지 다양한 사이즈로 존재한다. 그는 고분자 수지로 된 케이스로 이 작품들을 감싸서 시각적으로 더 흥미로운 효과를 주었다. 그는 현대 예술가중에서는 최초로 르노 자동차 회사에서 위임을 받아 작업을 했는데, 이 콜라보는 아르망이 1970년 일본 오사카에서 열린 세계예술전에서 자동차 부품을 이용한 시리즈를 내놓는 결과를 냈다. 그는 또한 현악기와 금관악기의 물결 모양 형태에 영감을 받고 그의 오래 된 음악적 공감을 담아서 수많은 수집과 “coupes (자르기)” 된 첼로, 바이올린, 트롬본 등을 작업해냈는데, 이는 아마도 그의 작품 중 가장 유명한 작품들일 것이다.

  아르망은 그의 기술적인 부분을 공공, 기념비적 조각상에도 적용시켰다. 그의 “Long-Term Parking (장기주차)” 는 파리 근교의 Jouy-en-Josas 라는 도시에 1982년에 설치되었으며, 15미터 정도 되는 콘크리트 기둥에 수 십개의 자동차를 박아넣은 구조이다. 더 기념비적인 것은 그의 “Hope for Peace (평화를 위하여, 원어: Espoir de Paix) 이며, 1955년 당시 레바논의 국무총리 라피크 하리리가 수도 베이루트의 레바논 군사본부 옆에 설치하게 한 작품이다. “Long-Term Parking” 보다 더 높은 “Hope for Peace”는 총구가 콘크리트 벽면을 넘어서 위를 향하는 무장한 차와 탱크를 선보였다.

  그의 커리어 후반에 들어서 아르망은 회화로 돌아왔다. 1989년에 그는 뉴욕의 Vrej Baghoomian 화랑에서 전시회를 가졌으며, 1995년에는 반 고흐의 “별이 빛나는 밤”을 모티브로 한 회화 시리즈를 전시했다. 그는 여러 개의 단색화 시리즈를 그렸으며, 물감 뿐만 아니라 그 물감의 튜브까지 캔버스에 올리는 모습을 선보였다. 1991년에는 그는 클래식 작곡가들의 “robot-portraits (로봇 초상화)” 를 그렸는데, 바흐와 베토벤에서 바그너와 아르망의 동시대 작곡가인 필립 글라스까지 포함되어 있었다. 이 큰 규모의 작품들은 악보와 악기 등을 모아서 만들어졌다.

 

  그의 커리어 내내 아르망은 그에게 중요하다고 여겨졌던 인권 운동에 열정적으로 참여했다. 5년이라는 시간 동안 그는 예술가를 위한 국제 앰네스티 뉴욕 지부 (New York Chapter of Artists for Amnesty International) 의 지부장을 맡았으며, 1990년에는 그의 작품을 회고하기 위해 그의 고향 니스의 근현대 예술 박물관에 취임하기로 계획됐던 취임식 연설문에서는 종교적 편견에 반대하는 언급을 하기도 하였다. 이 취임식이 있기 불과 몇 주 전에, 니스는 Front National 이라는 프랑스의 우파 정당의 협의회를 개최하였으며, 이 협의회의 명예 손님은 다름아닌 한 네오나치 독일인이었다. 니스의 시장은 F.N.을 존중하였으며 그에 따른 소동이 일어났을 때는 반 유태인적 발언을 서슴지 않기도 했다. 이 사건에 대한 반항으로, 그리고 자신의 신념에 진실되기 위하여 아르망은 이 회고를 취소하였으며, 그에 대한 결과로 2002년까지 자신의 고향에 자신의 작품을 걸어놓기 위해 기다려야만 했다. 몇몇 친구들은 그에게 정치와 예술을 섞지 말라고 조언하였으나, 그는 “너가 정치와 섞이는 걸 거부한다면, 어느 날 정치가 결국 와서 너와 섞일 것이다 – 너의 의사와는 상관 없이” 라고 대답하였다. 그의 커리어 내내 그는 600개가 넘는 개인전을 열었고, 주요 회고전을 1991년 휴스턴 순수예술 박물관에서, 그리고 1998년 파리의 죄드폼 국립미술관에서 열었다.

  아르망은 2005년 10월에 세상을 떠났음에도 불구하고, 34년간 반려했던 Corice Canton Armon과 Arman P. Arman Trust의 노력은 꾸준히 그의 괄목할만한 유산들 – 그의 변화와 높이는 능력, 그의 정치적 업무와 그의 기민한 휴머니즘 – 을 책임지고 있으며, 이는 앞으로도 그가 사랑해 머지않았던 이 세계에 많은 영향을 끼칠 것이다.

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PERSONAL EXHIBITIONS


2010 
- Arman - La Petite Exposition - Vecchiato Art galleries - PADOVA February 25th 
  
- LOOK AGAIN - Marlborough Chelsea Janurary 13 TH till Gebruary 13 TH 

 

2008 
- Arman : The Day After at the Helly Nahmad Gallery in New York. November - December 2008 
  
- "The Flowers of Evil Still Bloom" at Cueto Project Gallery in New York 
  
- Arman "The Day After" at the HELLY NAHMAD GALLERY in New York 
  
- Arman - Painter: Connaught Brown, London England from 18 May to June 19th 2008 
  
- Represented by the Daniel Templon Galerie at the Chicago Art Fair from the 23 to the 28 of April 2008. 
  
- Guy Pieters Gallery, Knokke-Le-Zoute (Belgium), Arman : Polychromes Bronzes and Color Full Paintings, March 23th-April 21th, 2008. Catalog. 
  
- Palazzo Bricherasio, Turin (Italie), Arman, January 25th-February 24th, 2008. Catalog. 

 

2007 
- Imago Gallery, Palm Desert, Californie (United-States), Arman. Polychromes, November 24th, 2007-January 6th, 2008. 
  
- French Institute alliance française, New York (United-States), Arman. Photographs Friends, April 18th-May 15th, 2007. Catalog : texts by Tom Bishop, Ronald S. Lauder, Agnes Gund, Ralph Gibson, Frank Stella. 

 

2006 
   - La Malmaison, Cannes (France), Arman. Les inédits. Collection de Jean Ferrero, July 8th-January 28th, 2007. Catalog : text by Frédéric Ballester. 
  
- Marlborough Gallery, New York (United-States), A Tribute to Arman, Febraury 2nd-March 4th, 2006. Catalog : text by Jan van der Marck. 
  
- Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, Paris (France), Arman : No Comment, January 20th-February 24th, 2006. Catalog. 
  
- Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice (France), Subida al Cielo, June 30th-October 1st, 2006. Catalog : texts by Gilbert Perlein and Luca Beatrice. 
  
- Galleri GKM, Malmö (Sweden), Hommage à Arman 1928-2005, June 10th-August 26th,2006. 
  
- Yeh Gallery, Seoul (Korea), Arman. Armand Fernandez, december 16th, 2005-January 12th, 2006. 

 

2005 
- Musée des Beaux Arts, Reims (France), Arman Armé, May 7th -August 8th, 2005 

 

2004 
- Théatre de la Photographie et de l’Image, Nice (France), Arman. Photographe, June 26th-August 29th, 2004. Catalog : texts Arman and Tita Reut. 
  
- Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne (France), Arman Armé, June 23th-December 12th, 2004. Catalog : text by Thomas Compère-Morel, Tita Reut. 
  
- Marlborough Gallery, Monaco, Arman. Peintures, April 15th-June 19th, 2004. Catalog : text by Juan Manuel Bonet. 
  
- Imago Galleries, Californie (United-States), Arman. Interactives and Serious Paintings, March 27th-May 8th, 2004. 
  
- Marlborough Gallery, Madrid (Spain) Pinturas, January 14th-February 7th, 2004. Catalog : text by Juan Manuel Bonet. 

 

2003 
   - Musée d’Art Contemporain, Téhéran (Iran), Arman, May 6th-June 19th, 2003. Catalog : Preface by Ali Reza Sami Azar, text by Umberto Eco, interview Arman and Daniel Abadie. 
  
- Artsoum Galerie, Nice (France), Sans Papiers d’Arman, September 20th-October 20th, 2003. 
  
- Bibliothèque Louis Nucéra, Nice (France), Arman ou la Lecture à l’œuvre, April 24th-June 21th, 2003. Catalogue : text by Arman and Tita Reut. 
  
- Dante Vecchiato Galleria d’Arte, Padova (Italy), Centomilacenerentole, March 27th-May 5th, 2003. Catalog : text by Lorella Pagnucco Salvemini. 
  
- Marlborough Gallery, New York (United States), Arman. A Survey 1954-2002, January 9th-February 1st, 2003. Catalog : texte by Jan van der Marck. 
  
- Arman: Le plein de l’art, Galleria Fonte d’Abisso, Milano (Italy). 

 

2002 
- Arman et l’Afrique, July 1st-October 31th, 2002. Catalog : text by Arman. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Château Notre-Dame-des-Fleurs, Vence (France), Africarmania. 
  
- Hôtel de Ville, Le Lavandou (France), Arman. Monumental, June 5th-July 10th, 2002. 
  
- Kunsthaus Grenchen, Grenchen (Switzerland), Arman. Musique, June 1st-August 25th, 2002. 
  
- Galerie Anne Lettrée, Paris (France), Les Cycles de Vie, … 
  
- Arman. Cycles de Vie, February 5th-27th, 2002. In collaboration with the Anne Lettrée Gallery, Paris (France). 
  
- Galerie d’Art du Théatre d’Esch, Esch-sur-Alzette, Grand Duchéde Luxembourg, 

 

2001 
- Museum of Art, Boca Raton (United-States), Arman. Through and across objets, November 21th, 2001-January 13th, 2002. Catalog : text by Tita Reut. 
  
- Galleri GKM, Malmö (Sweden), The Magic of Objects, October 27th-November 25th, 2001. 
  
- Chantier Naval Opéra, Antibes Port Vauban (France), Vingt siècles vus par Arman, August 10th-September 30th, 2001. Catalog : interview Arman and Umberto Eco. 
  
- Galeri de Arte Isabel Aninat, Santiago de Chile (Chilie), Arman, June-July, 2001. 
  
- Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice (France), Arman. Passage à l’acte, June 16th-October 14th, 2001. Catalog : texts by Gilbert Perlein, Alain Jouffroy, Arman, Pierre Restany, Ann Hindry, Tita Reut. 
  
- Commune di Venezia (Italy), Arman. La Traversée des Objets, June 6th-July 31th 2001. Catalog : text by Tita Reut. 
  
- Marlborough Gallery, New York (United-States), New Works : Sandwich Combos , May 3rd-June 3rd 2001. 
  
- Galerie Roseg, Pontresina (Swiss), Arman zu Gast im hotel Suvretta House St.Moritz, February 2001. Flyer. 
  
- Die Galerie, Zürichsee Auktionen, Erlenbach (Swiss) Arman, January 20th-February 8th, 2001. Galerie Belmont, Park Hotels Waldhaus, Flims. Catalog. 
  
- Château de Villeneuve, Vence (France), La Traversée des Objets, July 1st-March, 2001. Catalog : text by Tita Reut. 
  
- Fondacio La Caixa, Barcelona (Spain), January 18th-April 1st, 2001. 

 

2000 
- Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, Paris (France), Arman. Fragmentations, June 15th-July 25th, 2000. 
  
- Assessorato Cultura e Sapere, Reggio Emilia (Italy), Anatomie del Tempo. Opere di Arman, June 13th-October 1st, 2000. Catalog : text by Valerio Dehò. 
  
- Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris (France), Arman : Racine Carrée de fragments, June 7th-July 28th, 2000. Catalog : text by Catherine Millet. 
  
- Galerie Gam, Monaco, Arman. Œuvres Choisies, March 23th-April 30th, 2000. 
  
- Ludwig Museum im Deutschherrenhaus, Koblenz (Germany), Arman. Works on paper, December 3rd 2000-February 11th 2001. Catalog : text by Beate Reifenscheid. 
  
- National Museum of History, Taipei, July 26th-September 10th 2000. 
  
- Museo de Montferrey, Montferrey, February 24th-April 30th 2000. 
  
- Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo Assis Chateaubriand-MASP, Sao Paulo, November 30th-January 9th, 2000. 

 

1999 
- Galerie d’Art Contemporain de l’Espace Culturel François Mitterand, Beauvais (France), Arman, May 4th-June 12th, 1999. 
  
- Museum of Art, Tel Aviv (Israël), Arman, April 15th-June 13th, 1999. 
  
- Galerie Piltzer, Paris (France), Nec Mergitur, March 17th-April 27th, 1999. Catalog : La Liberté en peinture, text by Marcelin Pleynet and Tita Reut. 
  
- Museu de Arte Moderna, September 24th-November 15th, 1999. 
  
- Museum of Art, Tel Aviv (Israël), April 15th-June 13th, 1999. 

 

1998 
- Culturgest, Lisbonne (Portugal), Arman,September 15th-December 6th, 1998. 
  
- Schloss Lenzburg (Swiss), Arman auf Schloss Lenzburg, September 6th-October 10th, 1998. 
  
- Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwighafen (Germany), Arman, May 2nd-July 19th, 1998. 
  
- Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris (France), Arman. Variations sur un Lénine, March 12th-April 11th, 1998.  
  
- Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris (France), “Arman” January 27th-April 12th, 1998. Catalog : texts by Daniel Abadie, Umberto Eco, Raymonde Moulin and Wiliam Rubin. Travelling exhibition : Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwighafen (Germany), May 2nd-July 19th, 1998; Culturgest, Lisbonne (Portugal), September 15th-December 6th, 1998; Museum of Art, Tel Aviv (Israël), April 15th-June 13th, 1999; Museu de Arte Moderna, September 24th-November 15th, 1999; Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo Assis Chateaubriand-MASP, Sao Paulo, November 30th-January 9th 2000; Museo de Montferrey, Montferrey, February 24th-April 30th, 2000; National Museum of History, Taipei, July 26th-September 10th, 2000 

 

1997 
- Yeh Gallery, Seoul (Corée),Arman : Interactives and Bicycle Paintings, 1997. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman : Interactives, 1997. 
  
- Galerie Rachlin-Lemarié, Paris (France), Arman. Sculptures Interactives, May 22th-July 4th, 1997. Catalog. 
  
- The James Mayor Gallery, Londres, Arman : Accumulations in Relation, June 18th –August 29th 1997. Catalog : text by Patrick Pacheco. 
  
- Galerie Enrico Navarra, Paris (France), Arman ‘Trésors cachés’, June 6th-July 11th, 1997. Catalog : interview and text by Tita Reut. 
  
- Ilena Sonnabend Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Cascades, February 15th-March 15th, 1997. 

 

1996 
- Modern Art Gallery, Taichung (Taiwan), The Exhibition of International Sculpture Master, Arman, 1996. 
  
- Galerie Guy Pieters, Knokke-Le-Zoute (Belgium), Arman : Accumulations de collections et Transculptures, 1996. 
  
- Gallerihuset, Copenhague, Arman, April 26th-May 31th 1996. Catalog : text by Marianne Nanne-Brähammars. 
  
- Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhague (Copenhagen), Œuvres 1886-1996, April 25th-May 31th, 1996. 
  
- Sidney Janis Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Interactives, March 29th-April 27th, 1996. Catalog : text by Carroll Janis. 

 

1995 
- Art et Culture, Deauville (France), L’Album d’Arman, 1995. Catalog : preface by Tita Reut. 
  
- Galerie 3, Athènes (Greece), Arman, 1995. Catalog : text by Manos Stefanidis. 
  
- Avanti Galleries, New York (United-States), Arman. Monumental Aquatints 1989-1993, September 14th-October 14th, 1995. 
  
- Avanti Galleries Inc., New York (United-States), Arman. Monumental Aquatints 1989-1993, September 14th-October 14th, 1995. Flyer. 
  
- Espace Fortant de France, Sète (France), Arman. Hommage à Monsieur Teste, July 20th-October 20th, 1995. Catalog. 
  
- Ace Contemporary Exhibitions, Los Angeles (United-States), Arman. Starry Night, July 15th-October, 1995. 
  
- Musée Royal de Mariemont, Morlanwelz-Mariemont (Belgium), Arman, June 18th-October 10th 1995. In collaboration with the Galerie Pascal Retelet, Charleroi (Belgium). Catalog. 
  
- Fondazione Antonio Ratti, Côme (Italy), Arman. Sculture, April 28th-July 30th 1995. Catalog : text by Roberto Sanesi. 
  
- Reflex Modern Art Gallery, Amsterdam (Netherlands), Arman. Starry Night Hommage aan Van Gogh, April 16th-May 28th, 1995. Catalog : text by Ferry Hoogendijk. 
  
- Galerie Georges-Philippe et Nathalie Vallois, Paris (France), Arman ‘Accumulations Renault’ 1967-1970, April 7th-May 15th, 1995. Catalog : interview with Daniel Abadie. 
  
- Traveling Exhibition : Galerie Zen, Porto (Portugal), 1995. Catalog. 

 

1994 
- Galerie 111, Lisbonne (Portugal), Arman. Pintura e Escultura, 1994. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Château Notre-Dame-des-Fleurs, Vence (France), Arman. La Nuit Etoilée, December 29th, 1994-March 1995. Catalog : texts by Pierre Nahon and Isabelle Sobelman. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman : Starry Night, November 30th-December 31th, 1994. 
  
- Palazzo delle Espozioni, Faenza (Italy), La ceramica di Arman, September 17th-October 23th, 1994. Catalogs : texts by Umberto Eco, Flaminio Gualdoni and Henry Martin. 
  
- Musée des Tapisseries, Aix-en-Provence (France), Arman au Musée des Tapisseries, July 18th-September 15h, 1994. 
  
- Galerie de la Prévôté, Aix-en-Provence (France), Festival International d’Art Lyrique et de Musique, July 10th-30th, 1994. 
  
- IN Kahn Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman: Retrospective Works, May 24th-June 25th, 1994. 

 

1993 
- Galerie Pascal Retelet, Charleroi (Belgium), Arman, 1993. Catalog : text by Maxime Longrée. 
  
- International Sporting Club, Monte-Carlo (Monaco), Poubelles de bronze, July 30th-August 15th, 1993. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Château Notre-Dame-des-Fleurs, Vence (France), Arman. Les Accumulations de Collections, July 13th-November 13th, 1993. Catalog : text by Pierre Cabanne. 
  
- Elleni Galleria d’Arte, Bergame (Italy), Arman. Concerto per mitologie e futuri prossimi, May-August, 1993. Catalog. 
  
- Château-Musée de Cagnes-sur-Mer (France), in collaboration with the Galerie Beaubourg, Arman, April 2nd-30th, 1993. Catalogs : texts by Georges Dussaule, André Froumessol, Jacques Lepage and Michel Santinelli. 

 

1992 
- The Remba Gallery, Santa Monica (Californie, United-States), Arman : Homage to García Lorca, December 2nd-January 16th, 1993. 
  
- Galleri GKM, Malmö (Sweden), Cordes vibrantes, as off November 14th, 1992. 
  
- Musée Déchelette, Roanne (France), Les Estampes d’Arman, September 30th-October 18th, 1992. 
  
- Galerie Véronique Maxé, Paris (France), Arman. Accumulations Colères 1960-1975, September 25th-October 31th,1992. 
  
- Exposition itinérante : Palazzo del Diamanti, Gallerie Civiche d’Arte Moderna, Ferrera (Italy). Catalog : text by Umberto Eco. 
  
- Associazione Culturale Italo-Francese, Bologne (Italy), Il Giro di Arman, May-August, 1992. 
  
- Reflex Modern Art Gallery, Amsterdam (Netherlands), Amsterdam Tour by Arman et Music by Arman, as off April 11th 1992. Catalog : texts by Hennie van de Louw. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman Cycles, April 8th-May 2nd, 1992. Flyer : text by Donald Kuspit. 
  
- Ilena Sonnabend Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. New Accumulations, April 6th-May 2nd, 1992. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg,Paris (France), Archéologie du future , March 21th-May 9th, 1992. 
  
- Riva Yares Gallery, Scottdale (Arizona, United-States), Brushworks, February 6th-27th, 1992. 
  
- The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (United-States), Arman 1955-1991 : A Retrospective, November 17th-January 19th, 1992. Travelling exhibition : The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn (New York, United States), February 28th-April 26th, 1992; The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, May 30th-August 2nd, 1992. Catalogs : texts by Alison de Lima Greene and Pierre Restany. 

 

1991 
- Contemporary Sculpture Center, Tokyo (Japan), Arman’s Sculpture, 1991. 
  
- Bugno Samueli Arty Gallery, Venise (Italy), Violini, as off December 18th, 1991. 
  
- Galleria d’Arte Immart, Rome (Italy), Arman, Secember 1991. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Archeology of the future, November 12th-December 21th, 1991. 
  
- Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo (Japan), Arman : Portrait-Robot de Musiciens, September 25th-October 25th, 1991. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Georges-Philippe Vallois, Paris (France), Arman ‘ Bétons’ 1970-1974, September 14th -October 30th, 1991. Catalog : text by Catherine Franblin. 
  
- Galerie Heinz Holtmann, Cologne, Germany, (collaboration with the Galerie Beaubourg) Arman. Brush Strokes Paintings, March 22th-May 18th, 1991. Catalog : text by Sam Hunter. 
  
- Fondazione Mudima, Milan, et B. & S. Gallery, Venise (Italy), Arman in Italy, March 7th-April 6th, 1991. Catalog : texts by Achille Bonito Oliva and Henry Martin. 
  
- Galerie Freites, Caracas (Venezuela), Arman. Pinturas Sucias, February 24th-March 1991. Catalog : text by Roberto Guevara. 

 

1990 
- Galerie Guy Pieters, Knokke-Le-Zoute (Belgium), Arman under the Skin, 1990. 
  
- Galleri GKM, FIAC, Grand Palais, Paris (France), Fragments de Chine, October 24th-November 1st, 1990. Catalog : text by Arman. 
  
- Vrej Baghoomian Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman Monochrome Accumulations 1986-1989, October 20th-November 17th, 1990. Catalog : text by Donald Kuspit. 
  
- Fiorella Urbinati Gallery, Los Angeles (United-States), Arman Colours New Works, October 13th-December 5th, 1990. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Svetlana, Munich (Germany), Arman, Wichtige Bilder und Skulpturen 1980-1990, September 11th-October 20th, 1990. Flyer. 
  
- Galleri GKM, Malmö (Sweden), Arman ‘À propos de peinture’, September 1st-October 10th, 1990. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Belmont, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman. Einladung, as of August 25th, 1990. 
  
- Musée en l’Arsenal de Gravelines, Gravelines (France), Arman. Estampes 1960-1990, June 24th-September 9th, 1990. 
  
- Artcurial, Paris (France), Arman. Retrospective on Prints, June 14th-July 21th, 1990. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, Chicago Art Fair, Chicago (United-States), Arman. Shooting Colors, as off May 12th, 1990. 
  
- Galerie 3, Athènes (Greece), Arman : au pays de son inspiration, May 3rd-20th, 1990. Catalog : preface by Dora Lliopoulou-Rogan. Interview with Jean-Luc Chalumeau. 
  
- Riva Yares Gallery, Scottsdale (Arizona, United-States), Arman. Color Scales. New Paintings, March 8th-April 5th, 1990. Catalog without text. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Dirty Paintings, March 1st-31th 1990. Catalog : text by Donald Kuspit. 
  
- Galleria Arte Borgogna, Milan (Italy), Arman, February 22th-April 1990. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany and Manuela Rossi. 

 

1989 
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman ‘Shooting Colors’, November 30th-December 30th, 1989. Catalog : préface by Pierre Restany. Interview with Jean-Luc Chalumeau. 
  
- Galerie Guy Pieters, Lineart, Gand (Belgium), Arman. Lineart 89, October 20th-29th 1989. Catalog : interview by Jean-Luc Chalumeau. 
  
- Galerie La Taille douce, Roanne (France), Arman Sculpteur Designer, October 5th-21th, 1989. Catalogue : text by Jeffrey Robinson. 
  
- The Mayor Gallery, Londres (England), Arman. Works from 1955-1989, July-August, 1989. Catalog : text by Jeffrey Robinson. 
  
- Galerie Belmont, Reto a Marca, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman, July 6th-9th, 1989. 
  
- Lunds Konsthall, Lunds, in collaboration with GKM Galleri, Arman. Retrospektiv, June 10th-August 27th 1989. Catalog : texts by Arman, Siwert Bergström, Marianne Nanne-Brähammars and Pierre Restany. 
  
- Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo (Japan), Arman. New Paintings 1987-1989, April 6th-28th, 1989. Catalog : texte by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Gana Art Gallery, Seoul (Korea), Arman. A Retrospective, March 25th-April 2nd, 1989. Catalog : textes by Pierre Restany and Manuela Rossi. 
  
- Galleri Tornvall, Stockholm (Sweden), Arman. Accumulations brisées, as off January 27th, 1989. Catalog. 

 

1988 
- Oniris Galerie, Rennes (France), Arman. Peintures, November 4th-December 7th, 1988. 
  
- Piaget, Genève (Swiss), Arman in collaboration with Piaget, November 1988. 
  
- Reflex Gallery, Amsterdam (Netherland), Arman. Beelden en Schilderijen, June 14th-July 30th, 1988. 
  
- Princeton Gallery of Fine Art, Princeton (New Jersey, United States), Arman. Musical Instruments, Sculpture and Works on Paper, May 21st-June 25th, 1988. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Paintings, March 10th-April 9th, 1988. Catalog : Text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Chapelle des Pénitents Blancs, Vence (France), Arman, March 1988. 
  
- Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nîmes (France), Arman. Pinceaux piégés, February 20th-April 10th, 1988. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie 1900-2000, La Galerie de Poche, Paris (France), Arman. Œuvres 1961-1986, January 20th-February 20th, 1988. 
  
- Opéra de Paris, Salle Favart (France), Paris, Désordres Lyriques. Carte blanche à Arman, as off January 16th, 1988. Programms : textes by Georges Aperghis, Michel Beretti, Michel Butor, Claude-Michel Cluny, Bernard Lamarche-Vadel and Michel Tournier. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Peintures 87-88, January 9th-February 16th, 1988. Catalog: Arman.13 peintures / Arthur Rimbaud. Lettres du Voyant. 

 

1987 
- Galleria La Giarina, Vérone (Italy), Arman, December 1987. Catalog : interview with Janus. 
  
- Galerie Ferrero, Nice (France), Arman. Rythmes et Couleurs, September 18th-November 15th 1987. Flyer : text by Claude Fournet. 
  
- Wenger Gallery, Los Angeles (United-States), Arman. Gods and Goddesses and Selected Works 1963-1985, May 2nd-June 10th, 1987. 
  
- Galleri GKM, Malmö (Sweden), Arman. Trio för Strängar, April 25th-May 30th 1987. Catalog. 
  
- Art Now Gallery, Göteborg (Sweden), Arman. Mälningar, Objekt och Grafik, April 1987. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Guy Pieters, Knokke-Le Zoute (Belgium), Arman. Couleurs, March 1987. Catalog. 

 

1986 
- Veranneman Foundation, Kruishoutem (Belgium), Arman, 1986. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Gods and Goddesses, 1986. 
  
- Waddington & Shiell Galleries Ltd., Toronto (Canada), Arman. Gods and Goddesses, November 28th-December 13th, 1986. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Gods and Godesses, October 1st-November 15th, 1986. Catalog : text by Henry Geldzahler. 
  
- Courrèges, Paris (France), Arman. Hard & Soft Ware, October 1986. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, Wichita (Kansas, United-States), Arman : sculptures, 30 April 30th-June 13th,1986. 
  
- Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo (Japan), Arman, April 4th-26th, 1986. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Pavillon Werd, Zürich (Switzerland), Arman Retrospektive, January 23th-March 1st 1986. Catalog : preface by Adolph Hanspeter, text by Manuela Rossi. 

 

1985 
- Schöner Wohnen Haus Galerie, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman, 1985. Catalog : text by André Verdet. 
  
- Galerie Zonia Zannettacci, Genève (Switzerland), Arman. Oeuvre de 1955 à 1977, December 3rd, 1985-February 28th, 1986. Catalog : text by Michel Butor. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Genève (Switzerland), Arman. Œuvres Choisies, December 3rd, 1985-February 15th, 1986. Catalog without text. 
  
- Musée de Toulon, Toulon (France), Arman aujourd’hui, July 10th-October 15th, 1985. Catalogs : texts by François Bazzoli, Claude Fournet and Jean-Roger Soubiran. 
  
- Exposition itinérante : Walker Hil Art Center, Seoul (Korea), Arman, April 1st-May 10th, 1985. Catalog : text by Masashi Miura. 
  
- Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo (Japan), Arman, January 2nd-February 13th, 1985. 

 

1984 
- Galerie Beaubourg, FIAC, Grand Palais, Paris (France), Arman. The Day After, October 1984. Published separetly from the Cimaise Revue : texte de Ted Castle. 
  
- Artcurial, Paris (France), Arman. Bijoux-Violons, October 18th-December 30th1984. Catalog. 
  
- Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-states), Arman. The Day After, October 9th-November 3rd 1984. Catalog : text by Sam Hunter. 
  
- Galerie René Ziegler, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman. Objekte und Bilder 1959-1973, September 18th-October 10th 1984. 
  
- Center for the Fine Arts, Miami (Florida, United-States), Arman. Tools and instruments, September 15th-October 21st 1984. Catalog. 
  
- Gloria Luria Gallery, Bay Harbor Islands (Florida, United-States), Arman’s Orchestra, September 15th-October 1984. 
  
- Galerie Le Point, Monte-Carlo (Monaco), Arman. Concerto pour cordes. Sculptures récentes, August 8th-September 29th 1984. Catalog : preface by Miche Butor. 
  
- Palazzetto Eucherio Santivale, en collaboration avec la Galleria d’Arte Niccoli, Parme (Italy), October 25th-November 30th, 1984. Catalogue : texts by Pierre Restany, Walter Schönenberger and André Verdet. 
  
   - Museo Civico di Belle Arti, Lugano (Switzerland), Arman o l’Oggetto come Alfabeto : Retrospettiva 1955-1984, June 29th-September 16th, 1984. Travelling exhibition. 
  
- Galerie Reckermann, Cologne (Germany), Arman. 15 jahre 1959 bis 1974, May 3rd-August, 1984. 
  
- Gallery Ginza, Tokyo (Japan), Arman’s Monument, April 23rd-May 12th,1984. Catalog. 
  
- Christian Fayt Art Gallery, Knokke-Le-Zoute (Belgium), Arman, March 17th-April 23rd, 1984. Catalog : text by Daniel Abadie. 

 

1983 
- Kingo’s Ginza Gallery & Galleria Reto a Marca, Tokyo (Japan), Arman, 1983. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman’s Orchestra, December 1983. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Wall Pieces 1981-1983, September 17th-October 29th, 1983. 
  
   - Marisa del Re Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman’s Orchestra, May 11th-June 11th, 1983. Travelling exhibition : Goldman Kraft Gallery, Chicago (United-States), December 1983; Herbert Palmer Gallery, Los Angeles, 17 November 17th, 1983- January 28th, 1984. Catalog : interview with Marisa del Re. 
  
- Goldman’s Kraft Gallery, Haïfa (Israël), Arman, January 15th-February 1983. Flyer. 
  
- Musée Picasso, Antibes (France), Arman. La Parade des Objets, Retrospective 1955-1983, July 8th-September 30th, 1983. Musée d’Art Contemporain, Dunkerque, January 28th-March 6th, 1984. Catalog (french version) : texts by Danièle Giraudy and Pierre Restany. 

 

1982 
- Galleria Zarathustra, Milan (Italy), Arman. Sculture dal 1979 al 1982, October 1982. Catalog. 
  
- O.K. Harris Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman, 18 september 18th-October 9th, 1982. 
  
- Galerie Sapone, Nice (France), Arman, September 18th-October 9th, 1982. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg et Galerie Bonnier, Internationale Kunstmesse, Art 13’82, Bâle , Arman. Wall Pieces 1980-1982, June15th-21st, 1982. Catalogue. 
  
- Galerie Chappe-Lautier, Toulouse (France), Arman juin 1982. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Papiers découpés 1982, May 26th-June 26th 1982. Catalog : text by Ted Castle. 
  
- Exposition itinérante : Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt, September 15th-October 31th, 1982; The Tel Aviv, Arman. Parade of Objets : Retrospective 1955-1983, January 17th-February 28th, 1983 
  
- Kunstmuseum Hannover mit Sammlung Sprengel, Hanovre (Germany), Arman. Parade der Objekte, Retropective 1955 bis 1982, May 23rd-July 25th, 1982. Flyer. 
  
- Solomon Gallery, Dublin (Irland), Arman. Carvings and Drawings, March 9th-31th, 1982. 
  
- Galerie Abel Rambert, Paris (France), Arman. Le Traité du Violon, as off March 17th, 1982. Catalog : text by Maurice Roche. 
  
- Deweer Art Gallery, Otegem (Belgium), Arman ‘Carvings and Drawings’, March 9th-31th, 1982. Catalog : text by Otto Hahn. 

 

1981 
- Galerie Sapone, Fiera Internazionale, Barri, Arman, 1981. 
  
- Galerie Diego Strazzer, Rome (Italy), Arman 1981. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Art’81, Washington (United-States), Arman. Portfolios, September 1981. 
  
- Le Point Art Studio, Rome (Italy), Arman. Opera del 1979, May 6th-June 30th 1981. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Akira Ikeda Gallery, Nagoya (Japan), Arman. Sculptures, May 6th-23rd, 1981. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Holtmann, Cologne (Germany), Arman. Sculpturen, Objekte, Assemblagen, Zeichnungen, January 23rd-March 14th, 1981. 
  
- Akira Ikeda Gallery, Nagoya (Japan), Arman. Prints, January 16th-31th, 1981. 
  
 - Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Bronze soudés 1978-1980, January 10th-February 13th, 1981. 

 

1980 
- Galerie Sapone, Nice (France), Arman, 1980. 
  
- Galerie Holtmann, Hanovre (Germany), Arman, 1980. 
  
- Hacker Gallery, Stuttgart (Germany), Arman, 1980. 
  
- Centre d’Art et de Culture de Flaine, Cluses (France), Arman. Rétrospective, December 15th-February 15th 1981. Catalogs : texts by Otto Hahn and Pierre Restany. 
  
- Akira Ikeda Gallery, Nagoya (Japan), Arman. Recent Drawings, December 1st-20th, 1980. 
  
- Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Portofino (Italy), Arman, June-September 1980. Catalog : text by Jan van der Marck and Daniele Caippa. 
  
- Satani Gallery, Tokyo (Japan), Arman, June 5th-24th, 1980. Catalog. 
  
- Amano Gallery, Osaka (Japan), Arman. Book of Violin, April 7th-26th, 1980. 
  
- Galerie Valeur, Nagoya (Japan), Arman : Eight Scultures. Bronze 1978-1979 Catalog. 

 

1979 
- Galleria dei Amici, Florence (Italy), Arman, 1979. 
  
- Arte Contacto, Caracas (Venezuela), Arman, 1979. 
  
- Galerie d’Art in Progress, Munich (Germany), Arman, 1979. 
  
- Galleria Cavallini, Brescia (Italy), Arman 1979. 
  
- Galerie Valeur, FIAC, Grand Palais, Paris (France), Arman. 8 sculptures en bronze 1978-1979, 19-28 octobre 1979. 
  
- André Emmerich Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Accumulations, 9 octobre-10 novembre 1979. 
  
- Galerie Ferrero, Nice (France), Arman. Éclisses et chutes d’atelier, August-September, 1979. 
  
- Veranneman Foundation, Kruishoutem (Belgium), Arman, March 13th-May 5th, 1979. 
  
- The Art Contact, Coconut Grove (Florida, United-States), in collaboration with the Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York, Arman, March-April 1979. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Genève (Switzerland), Arman. Œuvres récentes, as off January 25th, 1979. 

 

1978 
- Galerie Mathilde, Amsterdam (Netherlands), Arman. L’Âge de fer et ses monuments, 1978. Catalog : interview with L. Gans. 
  
- Galerie Charles kriwin, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman / New Works, 1978. 
  
- Ehrlich Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman Jewelry, November 14th-December 2nd, 1978. 
  
- Galerie Albert Verbeke, FIAC, Grand Palais, Paris (France), Arman. Dessins récents, October 20th-29th, 1978. 
  
- Galerie Valeur, Nagoya (Japan), Arman. Accumulations, October 2nd-31th 1978. Catalog : text by Shunkichi Baba. 
  
- Galerie Editions de Messine, Paris (France), Arman. Originaux et Multiples, October 22th-November 22th, 1975. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. L’Âge de fer et ses monuments, May 24th-July 1st, 1978. Catalog : text by Daniel Abadie. 
  
- Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Hard & Soft, May 4th-27th, 1978. Catalog : text by Jan van der Marck. 
  
- Galerie Jöllenbeck, Cologne (Germany), Arman. Exhibition of Drawings, as off March 3rd, 1978. Catalog. 

 

1977 
- Galerie Sapone, Trieste (Croatia), Arman, 1977. 
  
- Galerie Sonia Zannettacci, Genève (Switzerland), Arman 1955-1977, 1977. 
  
- Galerie Frédéric Gollong, Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), Arman, 1977. Flyer: text by Michel Gaudet. 
  
- Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art, Wichita State University, Wichita (Kansas, United-States), Arman. Paintings and sculptures,September 7th-October 2nd, 1977. 
  
- Galerie Valeur, Nagoya (Japan), Arman Objects, May 9th-28th, 1977. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Olga S., Stockholm (Sweden), Arman, April 17th-21st, 1977. 
  
- Poiray Joailliers, Paris (France), Arman. La Ligne Bijoux-Violons, as off February 22nd, 1977. 

 

1976 
- Galerie Georges-Philippe Vallois, Paris (France), Arman1976. Catalog. 
  
- AH Grafik, Paris (France), Arman 1976. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Charles Kriwin, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman 1976. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Sapone, Nice (France), Arman, 1976. 
  
- Artcurial, Paris (France), les 3 temps d’Arman, April 29th-May 29th 1976. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman. Peintures, April 21st-May 29th, 1976. 
  
- La Nuova Città, Brescia (Italy), Arman 23, as off February 28th, 1976. Catalog. 

 

1975 
- Université de Dijon, Dijon (France), Arman, 1975. Catalog. 
  
- L’Orfévrerie Tétard, Paris (France), Arman Violin-Service, 1975 
  
- Galerie Charles Kriwin, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman, 1975. 
  
- Galerie Beaubourg, Paris (France), Arman, 1975. 
  
- Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Lyrical Surfaces, December 3rd 1975-January 5th 1976. Catalog : text by Andrew Crispo. 
  
- Galerie Editions de Messine, Paris (France), Arman. Originaux et Multiples, October 22th-November 22th 1975. 
  
- Galerie G, Paris (France), Arman October 16th-November 6th,1975. 
  
- Galerie Ferrero, Nice (France), Arman. Hommage à la brocante, September (th-20th, 1975. 
  
- Galerie Valeur, Nagoya (Japan), Arman, July 20th- August 10th, 1975. Catalogue : text by Yoshiaki Tôno. 
  
- Jiyugaoka Gallery, Tokyo (Japan), Arman, June 24th-July 13th, 1975. Catalog. 
  
- John Gibson Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Couscious Vandalism, April 5th-19th, 1975. 
  
- Galerie Claude Tchou, Paris (France), Arman. Violin-Service, February 5th-March 10th, 1975. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris,Paris (France) Arman. Objets armés 1971-1974, January 29th-March 30th 1975. Catalog : text by Jacques Lassaigne. 

 

1974 
- Galleria Schwarz, Milan (Italy), Arman, 1974. 
  
- John Gibson Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman 1974. 
  
- Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Concrete Lyrics, November 21st-December 31th 1974. Catalog : text by Andrew Crispo. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Genève (Switzerland), Arman ‘Sur Béton 1973’, November 7th-December 1974. Catalog without text. 
  
- Galleria Arte Borgogna, Milan (Italy), Arman. Béton Musical, November-December 1974. Catalog without text. 
  
- La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla (Californy, United-States), Arman. Selected Works : 1958-1974, September 15th-October 29th 1974. Exposition itinérante : Henri Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle (United-States), November 10th-Decembre 8th, 1974 : Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth (Texas, United-States), January 18th-February 23rd, 1975; Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines (Iowa, United-States), March 18th -April 20th, 1975; Albriggt-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (New York, United-States), June 28th-August 3r 1975; Hopkins Art Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover (New Hampshire, United-States), September 19th-October 26th 1975. Catalog : text by Jan van der Marck 
  
   - Galerie Alexandre de La Salle, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Arman. L’Œuvre graphique, August 26th-September 30th,1974. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
   - Salles romanes du Cloître Saint-Trophime, Arles, Arman, July 9th-September 30th, 1974. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Entre, Paris, Arman présente à Entre Le Tas des Echanges, February 7th-19th, 1974. 
  
- Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, Arman, January 15th-February 16th, 1974. 
  
- Galerie Aronowitsch, Stockholm, Arman. Originalverk 1960-1973, January-February, 1974. Flyer without text. 

 

1973 
- AH Grafik, Stockholm, Arman, 1973. Catalog. 
  
- Rosa Esman Gallery, New York (United-States, Arman, 1973. 
  
- Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Retrospective, November 29th-December 31th, 1973. 
  
- White Gallery, Lausanne (Switzerland), Arman, à partir du November15th,1973. 
  
- Gallerie Arte Borgogna, Milan (Italy), Arman, November-December, 1973. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- John Gibson Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Selected Activities, October 20th-November 21st, 1973. Catalog : texts by Pierre Schjeldahl and Jan van der Marck. 
  
- Galerie Mony Calatchi, Paris (France), Arman, October 9th-November 10th, 1973. 
  
- Galerie Charles Kriwin, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman, October-November, 1973. Catalogue : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Ferrero, Nice (France), Arman. Multiples et Autres, as off August 2nd, 1973. 

 

1972 
- Galleria del Leone, Venise (Italy), Arman, 1972. 
  
- Galerie L’Œil écoute, Lyon (France), Arman, 30 November 30th-December 30th, 1972. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Alexandre de La Salle, Saint-Paul-de-Vence France), Arman, November 30th-December 30th, 1972. 
  
- Mini-Galerie Carita, Paris (France), Arman. Ordures au Naturel, November 2nd-28th, 1972. 
  
- Librairie-Galerie La Hune, Paris (France), as off October 18th, 1972. 
  
- Galleria Arte Borgogna, Internationale Kunstmesse Art 3’72, Bâle (Germany), Arman, June 22th-26th, 1972. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie de L’Œil, Paris (France), Les moments d’Arman, March 15th-April 15th, 1972. Catalog : text by Jacques Putman. 
  
- Galerie Guillaume Campo, Anvers (Belgium), Arman, March 14th- April 1st, 1972. Flyer : text by Pierre Restany. 

 

1971 
- Galleria Arte Borgogna, Milan (Italy), Arman, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Ilena Sonnabend, Paris (France), Arman Music Stop, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Semiha Huber, Zurich (Switzerland), arman, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Bischofberger, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman, 1971. 
  
- Lawrence Rubin Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman, as off December 4th, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Michel Couturier, Paris (France), Arman : Cachets – Colères – Coupes, November 19th- December 31th, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Genève (Switzerland), Arman. L’intérieur des choses, as off October 7th, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Venise Cadre, Casablanca (Morocco), Arman, September 30th-October 16th, 1971. 
  
- Galerie Alexandre de La Salle, Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), Arman, August 28th-October15th, 1971. 
  
- Galleria d’Arte San Luca, Bologne (Italy), Arman, June, 1971. Catalog. 
  
- 10 Jahre Galerie, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman, May 1971. 

 

1970 
- Galerie Alexandre de La Salle, Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), Arman, 1970. 
  
- Galleria Batrice Monti, Milan (Italy), Arman 1970. 
  
- Abrams Original Edition, New York (United States), Arman. Paintbox, 1970. Flyer. 
  
- Galerie der Spriegel, Cologne (Germany), Arman, 1970. 
  
- Ace Gallery, Vancouver (Canada), Arman, 1970. 
  
- Ace Gallery, Los Angeles (United-States), Arman, 1970. 
  
- Studio Santandrea, Milan (Italy), Arman, as off November 26th, 1970. 
  
- Eat Art Gallery, Düsseldorf (Germany), Daniel Spoerri presents : Arman ‘Candy’, November-December 1970. 
  
- Galleria dell’Ariete, Milan (Italy), Arman, November 6th, 1970. Flyer : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Kunsthaus, Zürich (Switzerland), Arman. Accumulations Renault, September 12th-October 18th, 1970. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Ilena Sonnabend, Paris (France), Arman. Editions, June 1970. 
  
- Reese Palley Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman.The Black Panthers, June 4th, 1970. 
  
- Régie Nationale des Usines Renault, French Pavillon Osaka, Renault Car Accumulations for Osaka, March 1970. 
  
- Lawrence Rubin Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Recent Works., February1970. 
  
- Ludwighafen, February 18th-April 5th, 1970 
  
- Kunsthaus, Zurich (Switzerland), Arman Accumulations Renault, 46 Werke, September 12th-November11th, 1970. 
  
- Amos Anderson Art Museum Helsinki (Finland), April 29th-May 31th, 1970 

 

1969 
- Svensk-Franska Kontgalleriet, Stockholm (Sweden), Arman. Verk fran 1964-1969, March-April 1969. Flyer without text. 
  
- Kuntverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf (Germany), December 16th 1969-February 8th, 1970 Städische Kunstsammlungen, Catalog : poème d’Arman, interview with Claude-Louis Renard; texts by François Mathey (french version) and Karl-Heinz Hering 
  
- Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humbleback (Denmark), October 31th-November 30th, 1969 
  
- Kunsthalle, Berlin, September 21th-23 October 23rd, 1969 
  
- Union centrale des Arts décoratifs, Paris (France), Arman. Accumulations Renault, as off 21 May, 1969. 
  
- Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Arman : 33 Accumulations, March 11th- April 13th, 1969. Travelling exhibition. 
  
- Galerie Mathias Fels, Paris (France), Arman. Oeuvres de 1960 à 1965, Feb ruary 25th-March 22th, 1969. Catalog : text by Grégoire Muller. 
  
- Galerie Ilena Sonnabend, Paris (France), Arman. Les Ustensiles familiers, as off February 1969. Catalogue. 
  
- Galerie Bonnier, Genève (Switzerland), Arman. Oeuvres récentes, January 16th-February 15th 1969. Flyer by text. 

 

1968 
- Galleria Schwarz, Milan (Italy), Arman, June 11th-September 30th, 1968. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Sidney Janis Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman. Recent Accumulations, May 8th-June 1st, 1968. Text by John Ashbery. 

 

1967
- Galleria La Bussola, Turin (Italy), Arman, 1967. 
  
- Galleria Il Punto, Turin (Italy), Arman, 1967. 
  
- Galleria Sperone, Turin (Italy), Arman, 1967. 
  
- Galerie Claude Tchou, Paris (France), Arman. Violon Service, 1967. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Françoise Meyer, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman, December 2nd-23rd, 1967. 
  
- Palazzo Grassi, Venise (Italy), Arman, July 27th-October 9th, 1967. 
  
- Galleria La Bertesca, Gênes (Italy), Arman, March 10th-April 16th, 1967. 
  
- Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Paris (France), Arman, as off March 9th, 1967. Catalog : preface by Otto Hahn. Texts by Pierre Restany and Michael Sonnabend. 
  
- Pavillon de la France, Exposition Universelle de Montréal Expo 67, Montréal (Canada), February 1967. 

 

1966 
- Galerie La Vieille Echoppe, Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), Arman, 1966. 
  
- Galerie Saqqârah, Gstaad (Switzerland), Arman, 1966. 
  
- Musée de la Ville, Saint-Paul-de-Vence (France), July 1966. 
  
- Svensk-Franska Konstgalleriet, Stockholm (Sweden), Arman, April--May 1966. Flyer : anonym text. 
  
- Palais des Beaux-Arts, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman, February 17th-March 6th, 1966. Catalog : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Allan Stones Gallery, New York (United-States), ‘Quid pro Quo’Exchange Exhibition, December 28th, 1965-January 1st, 1966. 

 

1965 
- Galleria del Leone, Venise (Italy), Arman, 1965. 
  
- Richard Feigen Gallery, Chicago (United-States), Arman, 1965. Catalog. 
  
- Galerie Lawrence, Paris (France), Arman, May 11th-June 5th, 1965 
  
- Museum Haus Lange Krefeld (Germany), Arman, April 10th-May 30th, 1965. Catalog : text by Paul Wember. 

 

1964 
- Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (United-States), Arman. Accumulations 1964. 
  
- Sidney Janis Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman, December 29th, 1964-January 27th, 1965. Catalog : text by Gene R. Swenson. 
  
- Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (Netherland), Arman, September 22th-November 2nd, 1964. Flyer : texts by Arman, Yves Klein, Claude Pascal and Pierre Restany. 

 

1963 
- Galleria Schwarz, Milan (Italy), Arman, November 6th-29th, 1963. Catalog text by Alain Jouffroy. 
  
- Galerie Ad Libitum, Anvers (France), Arman 26 october 26th – November. Flyer. 
  
- Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf (Germany), Arman, as off June 5th, 1963. 
  
- Galerie Lawrence, Paris (France), Arman, May, 1963. Catalog. 
  
- Sidney Janis Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman, as off April 1st, 1963 

 

1962 
- Galerie Aujourd’hui, Bruxelles (Belgium), Arman, September 17th- December 1st, 1962. 
  
- Galerie Saqqârah, Gstaad (Switzerland), Arman. Musical Rage, August 1962. 
  
- Galerie Lawrence, Paris (France), Arman, May 29th-June 23rd, 1962. Flyer : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Dwan Gallery, Los Angeles (United-States), Arman. Montages, May-June, 1962. Flyer : text by Pierre Restany. 

 

1961 
- Cordier-Warren Gallery, New York (United-States), Arman, November 15th-December 5th, 1961. 

 

1960 
- Galerie Iris Clert, Paris (France), Arman. Les Accumulations, October-November, 1960. 
  
- Galerie Iris Clert, Paris (France), Arman. Le Plein, as off October 25th, 1960. 
  
- Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf, Arman. Poubelles et Accumulations, June 24th-August 20th, 1960. 
  
- Galerie Saint-Germain, Paris (France), Arman. Allures d’objets, March 16th-avril 9th, 1960. 

 

1959  
- Galleria Appollinaire, Milan, Mostra Personale di Arman, as off December 5th 1959. Flyer : text by Pierre Restany. 
  
- Galerie Saint-Germain, Paris (France), Arman, 1959. 

 

1958 
- Galerie Iris Clert, Paris (France), Arman. Les Olympiens, as off May 20th, 1958. 

 

1957
- Galerie La Roue, Paris (France), Armand, June 7th-21th 1957. 

 

1956 
- Galerie du Haut-Pavé (France), Armand, 1956. 

 

1955 
- Exposition de gouaches, London, England (avec le Progressive London Group), 1955.