Anish Kapoor

​아니쉬 카포 (b.1954)
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  Anish Kapoor is a leading contemporary British-Indian artist working in large-scale abstract public sculpture. Among his best-known works is the popular Cloud Gate (2006), otherwise known as “the Bean,” featured in Chicago’s Millennium Park. Throughout his career, Kapoor has worked on a variety of scales and with diverse materials—mirrors, stone, wax, and PVC—exploring both biomorphic and geometric forms with a particular interest in negative space. “That's what I am interested in: the void, the moment when it isn't a hole,” he explained. “It is a space full of what isn't there.” Born on March 12, 1954 in Bombay, India, Kapoor moved to London in the late 1970s, studying at both the Hornsey College of Art and Chelsea College of Arts. He first gained critical recognition for his work in the 1980s, with his metaphysical site-specific works in which he manipulates form and the perception of space. Kapoor was awarded the Turner Prize in 1991, and named a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in 2003, and Knighthood in 2013 for services to the visual arts. In 2016, Mexico City’s Museo Universiatrio Arte Contemporáneo held a major retrospective of his work. The artist currently lives in London, United Kingdom. Kapoor’s works are held in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Tate Gallery in London, among others.

  아니쉬 카포는 인도계 영국인 현대예술가로 주로 거대한 규모의 추상 공공 조각들을 작업한다. 그의 가장 잘 알려진 작품 중에는 시카고의 밀레니엄 공원에 설치된 “Cloud Gate” (혹은 “the Bean” 이라는 이름으로도 불려짐. 각각; 구름 문, 콩, 2006년작) 가 있다. 그의 예술적 경력 내내 그는 다양한 규모와 거울, 돌, 왁스, PVC 같은 각양각색의 재료를 사용해왔다. 이는 그의 생물 형태와 기하학적인 형태의 예술작품을 모색하면서 동시에 “존재하지 않는 공간”에 대한 특별한 관심을 보여준다. “제가 관심있는 건 바로 그거에요: 공허함, 그게 단순히 구멍이 아닌 바로 그 때”, 라고 그는 설명한다. “공허는 그 곳에 존재하지 않는 것들로 가득한 공간이에요”. 1954년 3월 12일에 인도의 봄베이에서 태어난 카포는 1970년대 말에 런던으로 이사한 후 혼지 예술대학과 첼시 예술대학에서 공부한다. 1980년대에는 처음으로 그의 작품에 대한 비평가들의 관심을 끌게 되었는데, 그의 형이상학적이며 특정한 위치에 민감한 작품들로 형태와 공간에 대한 인식을 재조정하는 작품들이었다. 카포는 1991년에 터너 상을 수여하였으며, 2003년엔 대영왕실훈위 (CBE)를, 그리고 2013년엔 시각디자인에 대한 공로를 인정받아 기사작위를 수여하기도 했다. 2016년엔 멕시코시티의 Museo Universiatrio Arte Contemporaneo 에서 그의 회고전을 담당했다. 그는 현재 런던에서 거주하며, 그의 작품은 뉴욕의 현대미술박물관, 워싱턴 DC의 국립 미술 화랑, 런던의 테이트 등에 소장되어 있다.

Profile

Timeline

1954

Born in Bombay, India

1973–1977

Hornsey College of Art, London, UK

1977–1978

Chelsea School of Art, London, UK

1979

Taught at Wolverhampton Polytechnic, Wolverhampton, UK

1982

Artist in Residence, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, UK

1990

Awarded Premio Duemila at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

1991

Turner Prize

1992

Awarded Premio Duemila at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

1997

Honorary Fellowship, London Institute, London, UK

2001

Honorary Fellowship, Royal Institute of British Architecture, London, UK

2003

Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)

Currently lives and works in London, UK

Exhibitions

2013

DYNAMO, Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l'art 1913-2013, Grand Palais, Galeries Nationales, Paris, France

2012

Anish Kapoor, Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)

2009

Anish Kapoor, The Royal Academy, London, UK (solo)
Shooting into the Corner, MAK, Vienna, Austria
Blood Relations, Fabrica, Brighton, UK
Memory, Guggenheim, New York, NY
Anish Kapoor: New Works, Lisson Gallery, London

2008

Anish Kapoor: Memory, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany (solo)
In-I Akram Khan and Juliette Binoche, National Theatre, London, UK (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea(solo)
Anish Kapoor, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Place/No Place: Anish Kapoor in Architecture, Royal Institute of British Architects, London, UK (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
For What We Are About To Receive, Gagosian Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Blood on Paper- the Art of the Book, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

2007

Anish Kapoor – Svayambh, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Galleria Continua, Beijing, China (solo)
Anish Kapoor – Svayambh, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Nantes, France (solo)
Anish Kapoor. Works on Paper, Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

2006

Anish Kapoor, Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Sky Mirror, Rockefeller Center, (Public Art Fund), New York, NY (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Ascension, BBCC, Rio de Janeiro (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Regen Projects, Los Angeles, CA (solo) 
My Red Homeland, CAC Malaga, Spain (solo)

2005

Japanese Mirrors, SCAI, Tokyo, Japan (solo)

2004

Whiteout, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Cloud Gate, Chicago Millennium Park, Chicago, IL (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Massimo Minini Gallery, Brescia, Italy (solo)
Melancholia, MAC Grand-Hornu, Belgium (solo)

2003

Painting, Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo)
Galleria Continua, San Gimignano, Italy (solo)
Idomeneo, Glyndebourne (set design) (solo)
My Red Homeland Kunsthaus, Bregenz, Austria; National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy (solo)

2002

Anish Kapoor, Marsyas, 3rd Unilever Commission for the Turbine Hall, Tate Modern, London, UK (solo)

2001

Barbara Gladstone, New York, NY (solo)
Taidehalli, Helsinki, Finland (solo)

2000

Taratantara, installation, BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art, Gateshead, London; Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples, Italy (solo)
Blood Solid, fig-1, London, UK (solo)
The Edge of the World, permanent installation, Axel Vervoordt Kanal, Wijnegem, Belgium (solo)
Blood, Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Regen Projects, Los Angeles, CA (solo)

1999

Museé d’art contemporain de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France (solo) 
Scai The Bathhouse, Tokyo, Japan (solo)

1998

Hayward Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)

1996

Galleria Massimo Minini, Brescia, Italy (solo)
Kunst-Station St Peter, Cologne, Germany (solo)

1995

Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
De Pont Foundation for Contemporary Art, Tilburg, The Netherlands (solo)

1994

Echo, Kohji Ogura Gallery, Nagoya, Japan (solo)

1993

Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel (solo)

1992–1993

San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, CA (traveled to Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IW; The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada; The Power Plant, Toronto, Canada) (solo)

1991

Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain, organized in cooperation with The British Council (solo)
Anish Kapoor, Kunstverein, Hannover, Germany (solo)

1990–1991

Anish Kapoor Drawings, Tate Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Le Magasin, Centre National d’Art Contemporain, Grenoble, France (solo)

1990

Anish Kapoor, XLIV Biennale di Venezia, British Pavilion, Venice, Italy (solo)

1986

Anish Kapoor: Recent Sculpture and Drawings, University Gallery, Fine Arts Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (solo)
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, Norway (solo)

1985

Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland (solo)

1984

Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY

1982

Lisson Gallery, London, UK (solo)

1980

Patrice Alexandre, Paris, France (solo)